Intellectual Property Intensity (IPI) and the Value-Growth Effect
Intellectual Property Intensity (IPI) measures the weight of IP in the firm’s total market value. IPI has a positive (convex) functional relationship with Price to Book (P/B) ratio, and thus may provide additional economic insight to the empirical value-growth effect. Growth firms have higher IPI while value firms are characterized by lower IPI. The large (small) weight of IP in growth (value) firms can explain their higher (lower) profitability. This is due to: (i) the monopolistic power that results from IP and (ii) the higher risk associated with IP. Thus, the lower (higher) returns that characterize growth (value) stocks should be attributed to market inefficiency and mispricing and not to lower (higher) risk. The positive bias in growth stock prices is explained by the inability of investors to fully account for the risk associated with IP. Using a sample of biotechnology companies I compare the forecasting ability of IPI versus P/B. I find that IPI has a superior forecasting ability over P/B.
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Josef Lakonishok & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1993.
"Contrarian Investment, Extrapolation, and Risk,"
University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State
84, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
- Elli Malki, 1997. "Intellectual property and the valuation of biotechnology," Finance 9709002, EconWPA.
- Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1996. " Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 55-84, March.
- Chan, Louis K C & Hamao, Yasushi & Lakonishok, Josef, 1991. " Fundamentals and Stock Returns in Japan," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(5), pages 1739-64, December.
- Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1992. " The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(2), pages 427-65, June.
- Davis, James L, 1994. " The Cross-Section of Realized Stock Returns: The Pre-COMPUSTAT Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(5), pages 1579-93, December.
- Elli Malki, 1997. "Royalty rates, sub licensing considerations and joint ventures," Finance 9709004, EconWPA.
- Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 1993. "Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 3-56, February.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:9711002. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.