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Regional Integration And Business Location: Evidence From The Cork Industry In The Iberian Pensinsula

Author

Listed:
  • Amélia Branco
  • João Lopes
  • Francisco Parejo
  • José Preciado

Abstract

The cork sector is a relevant case study given the economic importance of this industry for some regions (value added, employment and rural development). This industry is also important because of its contribution to environmental sustainability as it uses a natural renewable raw material. Portugal and Spain are the most important producers of cork and exporters of manufactured cork products (stoppers and agglomerates). The main purpose of this paper is to study the economic integration and the historical changes of cork business localization in the Iberian Peninsula. We start by studying the historical roots, motivations and economic consequences of the delocalization of Catalonian firms to Portugal during the first quarter of the 20th century. Then a comparison is made with the recent process of delocalization of an anchor firm of Aveiro industrial district (Corticeira Amorim) to Spain. The theoretical framework of this study is the industry and cluster life cycles as well as the recent insights from the evolutionary economic geography.

Suggested Citation

  • Amélia Branco & João Lopes & Francisco Parejo & José Preciado, 2013. "Regional Integration And Business Location: Evidence From The Cork Industry In The Iberian Pensinsula," ERSA conference papers ersa13p419, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p419
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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa13/ERSA2013_paper_00419.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fiorenza Belussi & Silvia Rita Sedita, 2008. "Life Cycle vs. Multiple Path Dependency in Industrial Districts," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(4), pages 505-528, November.
    2. Branco, Amélia & Parejo, Francisco M., 2008. "Incentives or obstacles? institutional aspects of the cork business in the Iberian Peninsula (1930–1975)," Revista de Historia Económica, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(1), pages 17-43, January.
    3. Amélia Branco & João Carlos Lopes, 2013. "Vantagens da concentração geográfica da produção: o caso da indústria corticeira de Santa Maria da Feira," Working Papers Department of Economics 2013/04, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cork industry; business location; clusters; Iberian Peninsula;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products

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