IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Managing Economic Insecurity in Rural El Salvador: The role of asset ownership and labor market adjustments

Rural households often rely heavily on short-term readjustments in labor supply between wage and self-employment in farm and non-farm activities as an essential strategy to protect consumption and the value of productive investments against unexpected shocks and to take advantage of changing economic opportunities. The efficacy of such coping strategies, and hence a householdÂ’s vulnerability to shocks, may in turn be affected by that householdÂ’s ownership of land or other assets. This paper employs a two-round panel survey of 494 rural households in El Salvador to study the impact of a 1997 weather-related downturn in economic activity and agricultural labor demand on household incomes and welfare. Examining the changing pattern of household labor supply and poverty, reveals that the loss of wage labor hours was a primary determinant of the rise in poverty in this period, and that landless agricultural laborers were particularly vulnerable. Panel regression analyses suggest that households that owned even small amounts of land or other productive assets were better able to protect the marginal return to household labor in the downturn year. The results lend support to the view that in response to shocks, households fall back on farm and non-farm self-employment activities were productivity was determined by their ability to intensify the use of land and other owned assets. Controlling for other factors, ownership of land and other assets also helped households to maintain children's school enrollments.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://web.williams.edu/Economics/wp/conningsalvador.pdf
File Function: Full text
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Williams College in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number 2001-09.

as
in new window

Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: May 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wil:wileco:2001-09
Contact details of provider: Postal: Williamstown, MA 01267
Phone: 413 597 2476
Fax: 413 597 4045
Web page: http://econ.williams.eduEmail:


More information through EDIRC

Order Information: Email:


No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wil:wileco:2001-09. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stephen Sheppard)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.