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Economic (In)Security and Gender Differences in Trade Policy Attitudes

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  • Jeffrey Drope

    ()

  • Abdur Chowdhury

    ()

Abstract

Over time and across countries, researchers have noted frequent and mostly unexplained gender differences in the levels of support for policies of free or freer trade: women tend to be less favorable toward policies of liberalizing trade than men. Using an economic security explanation based principally on a mobile factors approach, we find that it is not women generally who are more negative toward trade but particularly economically vulnerable women ??? i.e. women from the scarce labor factor. We utilize recent survey data on individuals??? attitudes toward different facets of trade and its effects across three disparate regions to examine this phenomenon empirically. An economic security approach helps to explain the marked differences in attitudes toward trade among lower- and higher-skilled females in developing and developed countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeffrey Drope & Abdur Chowdhury, 2014. "Economic (In)Security and Gender Differences in Trade Policy Attitudes," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1067, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2014-1067
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    File URL: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/133087/1/wp1067.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mayda, Anna Maria & Rodrik, Dani, 2005. "Why are some people (and countries) more protectionist than others?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1393-1430, August.
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    5. Hall, H Keith & Kao, Chihwa & Nelson, Douglas, 1998. "Women and Tariffs: Testing the Gender Gap Hypothesis in a Downs-Mayer Political-Economy Model," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(2), pages 320-332, April.
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    7. Varley, Ann, 1996. "Women heading households: Some more equal than others?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 505-520, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade policy; gender difference; labor mobility; Latin America; Muslim countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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