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Aging and demographic change in European societies : main trends and alternative policy options

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  • Muenz, Rainer

Abstract

This paper gives an overview on current demographic trends and projected population change in Europe and neighboring regions. The main focus of the analysis is on Western and Central Europe. Today this world region has a total population of 500 million. Available forecasts until the year 2050 project a decline of the population at working age, a subsequent decline of the (native) work force and aparallel increase in the number of retired people. The paper discusses policy options by demonstrating the impact of possible changes in labor force participation, higher retirement age and pro-active recruitment of migrant labor on population size and future labor force.

Suggested Citation

  • Muenz, Rainer, 2007. "Aging and demographic change in European societies : main trends and alternative policy options," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 39174, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:39174
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    File URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2007/03/26/000020953_20070326101644/Rendered/PDF/391740ECA0Demographics0SP0070301PUBLIC1.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rapoport, Hillel & Docquier, Frederic, 2006. "The Economics of Migrants' Remittances," Handbook on the Economics of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism, Elsevier.
    2. Mayda, Anna Maria, 2005. "International Migration: A Panel Data Analysis of Economic and Non-Economic Determinants," IZA Discussion Papers 1590, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Julian A. Lampietti & David G. Lugg & Philip Van der Celen & Amelia Branczik, 2009. "The Changing Face of Rural Space : Agriculture and Rural Development in the Western Balkans," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13541.
    2. Michał Bernard Pietrzak & Justyna Wilk, 2014. "An Analysis of the Population Aging Phenomena in Poland from a Spatial Perspective," Statistics in Transition new series, Główny Urząd Statystyczny (Polska), vol. 15(1), pages 153-170, January.
    3. Milan Vodopivec & Primoz Dolenc:, 2008. "Live Longer, Work Longer: Making It Happen in the Labor Market," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 32(1), pages 65-81.
    4. Constanta Popescu & Serb Diana Elena & Andreiana Carmen, 2014. "An analysis of the Romanian labor market under the impact of the contemporary world’s problems using the regression function," Computational Methods in Social Sciences (CMSS), "Nicolae Titulescu" University of Bucharest, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 2(2), pages 15-21, December.

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