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Remittances and Financial Inclusion in Development


  • Toxopeus, Helen S.
  • Lensink, Robert


In this paper we focus on the relationship between remittance inflows and financial inclusion in developing countries. We present single equation estimates on remittances and financial inclusion, and system estimates in which economic growth is explained by e.g., financial inclusion, and financial inclusion by, e.g., remittances inflows. These regressions clearly confirm our main hypothesis that remittances have a development impact through their effect on financial inclusion. Overall, our paper indicates the importance of studying the effects of remittances in developing countries. Remittances, in terms of size, are not only one of the main capital inflows in developing countries, often even more substantial than ODA, but they also appear to have a robust positive effect on economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Toxopeus, Helen S. & Lensink, Robert, 2007. "Remittances and Financial Inclusion in Development," WIDER Working Paper Series 049, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2007-49

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    Cited by:

    1. Mim, Sami Ben & Ali, Mohamed Sami Ben, 2012. "Through which channels can remittances spur economic growth in MENA countries?," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 6, pages 1-27.
    2. Coon, Michael, 2012. "The Effect of Workers’ Remittances on Poverty in Mexico: A Regional Analysis," MPRA Paper 61388, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 06 Oct 2014.
    3. Ziesemer, Thomas H.W., 2012. "Worker remittances, migration, accumulation and growth in poor developing countries: Survey and analysis of direct and indirect effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 103-118.
    4. Arias, Daniela., 2015. "Financial inclusion policy in Ecuador : roles of the Central Bank towards economic and job creation," ILO Working Papers 994874763402676, International Labour Organization.
    5. Ritha Sukadi Mata, 2009. "Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) on the Remittances Market: Money Transfer Activity and Savings Mobilisation," Working Papers CEB 09-022.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    6. Maëlle Della Peruta, 2015. "Mobile Money Adoption and Financial Inclusion Objectives: A Macroeconomic Approach through a Cluster Analysis," GREDEG Working Papers 2015-49, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    7. Hamdar, Bassam & Nouayhid, Samer, 2017. "Remittances And Foreign Aid As Sources Of External Development Finance: Impacts On Savings And Investment In Post-War Lebanon," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 70(1), pages 47-72.
    8. repec:ilo:ilowps:487476 is not listed on IDEAS

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    capital flows; remittances; finance;


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