An Economic Model of the Evolution of the Gender Performance Ratio in Individual Sports
This paper shows that gender world record ratio in four disciplines, i.e. marathon, triplejump, pole vault and 800 meters, follows a S-shape over time. It is argued that thispattern is initiated by a sudden drop in the social barrier for women to participate inthese disciplines. This drop in social barrier materializes -later- by the authorization forwomen to participate at major events, such as the Olympic Games, in these disciplines.The paper builds a simple economic model of sector self-selection and human capitalaccumulation with intrinsic disutility (social barriers) to participate in some sectors.As social barriers are removed in a sector, the Gender Performance Ratio is show tofollow a S-shape over time under very basic assumptions and calibrations. Ability selfselection,measured as the difference between mean ability of women in that sector andpopulation mean, becomes more positive after removal of the social barrier.
|Date of creation:||2010|
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- A. D. Roy, 1951. "Some Thoughts On The Distribution Of Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 135-146.
- Lalith Munasinghe & Brendan O'Flaherty & Stephan Danninger, 2001. "Globalization and the Rate of Technological Progress: What Track and Field Records Show," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(5), pages 1132-1149, October.
- Casey B. Mulligan & Yona Rubinstein, 2008. "Selection, Investment, and Women's Relative Wages Over Time," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 123(3), pages 1061-1110.
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