Asset Pricing with Heterogeneous Agents, Incomplete Markets and Trading Constraints
The consumption capital asset pricing model is the standard economic model used to capture stock market behavior. However, empirical tests have pointed out its inability to account quantitatively for the high average rate of return and volatility of stocks over time for plausible parameter values. Recent research has suggested that the consumption of stockholders is more strongly correlated with the performance of the stock market than the consumption of non-stockholders. We model two types of agents, non-stockholders with standard preferences and stock holders with preferences that incorporate elements of the prospect theory developed by Kahneman and Tversky (1979). In addition to consumption, stockholders consider fluctuations in their financial wealth explicitly when making decisions. Each agent faces idiosyncratic shocks to his labor income as well as aggregate shocks to the per-share dividend but markets are incomplete and agents cannot hedge consumption risks completely. In addition, consumers face both borrowing and short-sale constraints. Data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics are used to calibrate the labor income processes of the two types of agents. Our results show that in equilibrium, agents hold different portfolios. Our model is able to generate a time-varying risk premium of about 6% while maintaining a low risk free rate, thus suggesting a plausible explanation for the equity premium puzzle reported by Mehra and Prescott (1985).
|Date of creation:||Nov 2007|
|Date of revision:||Sep 2008|
|Note:||I am grateful for comments and encouragement to Christian Zimmermann. I also thank Andra Ghent, seminar participants at the University of British Columbia and the University of Connecticut, and participants in the Canadian Economic Association 2008 Annual Meeting for helpful comments. Any conceptual or other errors are my fault.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: University of Connecticut 365 Fairfield Way, Unit 1063 Storrs, CT 06269-1063|
Phone: (860) 486-4889
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Web page: http://www.econ.uconn.edu/
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