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Competitive Balance and Match Attendance in European Rugby Union Leagues

Author

Listed:
  • Patrick Massey
  • Shane Massey
  • Vincent (Vincent Peter) Hogan

Abstract

The paper analyses the impact of the relatively belated move to professionalism in Rugby Union. We use data on match attendance for 3,667 fixtures in European club Rugby over 15 seasons to estimate the effect of competitive balance on attendance. We find that (short- and medium-term) competitive balance has a large and statistically significant effect. However, this effect is smaller in magnitude than the effect brought about by the other aspects of the fixture with the strength of the home team being the single most important influence on attendances.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Massey & Shane Massey & Vincent (Vincent Peter) Hogan, 2012. "Competitive Balance and Match Attendance in European Rugby Union Leagues," Working Papers 201226, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucn:wpaper:201226
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3885
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    12. Palomino, Frederic & Sakovics, Jozsef, 2004. "Inter-league competition for talent vs. competitive balance," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, pages 783-797.
    13. Liam J. A. Lenten, 2009. "Unobserved Components in Competitive Balance and Match Attendances in the Australian Football League, 1945-2005: Where is all the Action Happening?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 85(269), pages 181-196, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Liam Delaney & Caroline Rawdon & Kevin Denny & Wen Zhang & Richard A.P. Roche, 2008. "Event-Related Potentials Reveal Differential Brain Regions Implicated in Discounting in Two Tasks," Working Papers 200811, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    2. Vincent Hogan & Patrick Massey & Shane Massey, 2013. "Competitive Balance and Match Attendance in European Rugby Union Leagues," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, pages 425-446.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Professional team sports; Competitive balance; League structures; Revenue sharing; Salary caps; Consumer demand; Rugby Union football--Economic aspects; Professionalism in sports--Economic aspects; Rugby Union football matches--Statistics;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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