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Family Affluence and Inequality in Adolescent Health and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from the HBSC study 2002-2014

Author

Listed:
  • Yekaterina Chzhen
  • Irene Moor
  • William Pickett
  • Emilia Toczydlowska
  • Gonneke Stevens
  • UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Abstract

A large body of literature has established socio-economic gradients in adolescent health, but few studies have investigated the extent to which these gradients are associated with very poor health outcomes. The current analysis examined the extent to which the socio-economic background of adolescents relates to very poor self-reported health and well-being (the so-called ’bottom end’). We examined the following as indicators of adolescent health: psychosomatic health complaints; physical activity; healthy eating; unhealthy eating; and life satisfaction. Adolescents who scored below the mean of the lower half of the distribution of a given indicator fall in the “bottom group” on this indicator. The largest, most persistent and widespread socio-economic gradients are in life satisfaction, physical activity and healthy eating, while the findings are mixed for unhealthy eating and psychosomatic health. Socio-economic inequalities were largely stable, but in a sizeable minority of the countries, socio-economic inequalities in physical activity and healthy eating have widened between 2001/02 and 2013/14, while inequalities in unhealthy eating and life satisfaction have narrowed in several countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Yekaterina Chzhen & Irene Moor & William Pickett & Emilia Toczydlowska & Gonneke Stevens & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2016. "Family Affluence and Inequality in Adolescent Health and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from the HBSC study 2002-2014," Papers inwopa836, Innocenti Working Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa836
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Andrea Geckova & Jitse van Dijk & Ivan Zezula & Jolanda Tunistra & Johan Groothoff & Doeke Post, 2004. "Socio-economic differences in health among Slovak adolescents," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 49(1), pages 26-35, February.
    2. Irene Moor & Thomas Lampert & Katharina Rathmann & Benjamin Kuntz & Petra Kolip & Jacob Spallek & Matthias Richter, 2014. "Explaining educational inequalities in adolescent life satisfaction: do health behaviour and gender matter?," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 59(2), pages 309-317, April.
    3. Bjørn Holstein & Candace Currie & Will Boyce & Mogens Damsgaard & Inese Gobina & Gyöngyi Kökönyei & Jørn Hetland & Margaretha Looze & Matthias Richter & Pernille Due, 2009. "Socio-economic inequality in multiple health complaints among adolescents: international comparative study in 37 countries," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 54(2), pages 260-270, September.
    4. Yekaterina Chzhen & Zlata Bruckauf & Kwok Ng & Daria Pavlova & Torbjorn Torsheim & Margarida Gaspar de Matos & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2016. "Inequalities in Adolescent Health and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study," Papers inwopa835, Innocenti Working Papers.
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    6. Currie, Candace & Molcho, Michal & Boyce, William & Holstein, Bjørn & Torsheim, Torbjørn & Richter, Matthias, 2008. "Researching health inequalities in adolescents: The development of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Family Affluence Scale," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(6), pages 1429-1436, March.
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    8. Candace Currie & Dorothy Currie & Leonardo Menchini & Chris Roberts & Dominic Richardson, 2011. "Comparing Inequality in the Well-being of Children in Economically Advanced Countries: A methodology," Papers inwopa651, Innocenti Working Papers.
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    11. Kate Levin & Torbjorn Torsheim & Wilma Vollebergh & Matthias Richter & Carolyn Davies & Christina Schnohr & Pernille Due & Candace Currie, 2011. "National Income and Income Inequality, Family Affluence and Life Satisfaction Among 13 year Old Boys and Girls: A Multilevel Study in 35 Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 104(2), pages 179-194, November.
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    Keywords

    adolescent health; nutrition indicators; physical development; socio-economic background;

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