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Child Privacy in the Age of Web 2.0 and 3.0: Challenges and opportunities for policy

Author

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  • Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha
  • UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti

Abstract

We live in an information society, where the flow of information in the virtual environment is unprecedented. Web 2.0 platforms – and recently Web 3.0 platforms and the Internet of Things (IoT) – represent an important step forward in enhancing the lives of both adults and children everywhere, by combining greater efficiencies with a wide availability of new tools that can boost individual creativity and collective production. This new environment has exposed adults and children to fresh challenges that deserve special attention, especially those surrounding privacy. The main objective of this paper is to address the challenges posed to child privacy online and the impact that these challenges might have on other rights such as freedom of expression, access to information and public participation. To do this, the paper first analyses the current (and foreseen) threats to child privacy online and the various approaches adopted by government and/or the private sector to tackle this issue. The paper also examines whether children’s perspectives and needs are considered in international debates on technology regulation, including in regard to the so-called ‘right to be forgotten’. It then contextualizes the protection of privacy (and data protection) in relation to other fundamental rights in the online environment, arguing that in most cases this interaction is rather positive, with the enforcement of the right to privacy serving to protect other rights. The paper concludes by proposing some policy recommendations on how to better address the protection of children’s online privacy. These objectives are achieved through literature review and analysis of legal instruments.

Suggested Citation

  • Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha & UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, 2017. "Child Privacy in the Age of Web 2.0 and 3.0: Challenges and opportunities for policy," Papers indipa926, Innocenti Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucf:indipa:indipa926
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF, 2015. "A Post-2015 World Fit for Children," Working Papers id:6410, eSocialSciences.
    2. Anna, Petrenko, 2016. "Мaркування готової продукції як складова частина інформаційного забезпечення маркетингової діяльності підприємств овочепродуктового підкомплексу," Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, vol. 2(1), March.
    3. Montgomery, Kathryn C., 2015. "Youth and surveillance in the Facebook era: Policy interventions and social implications," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 771-786.
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