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Urbanization and child malnutrition: A comparison of three countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-region

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  • Pahlisch, Thi Hoa
  • Parvathi, Priyanka
  • Waibel, Hermann

Abstract

Success in reducing monetary poverty in Southeast Asia has not fully translated into reduction in malnutrition. Using a two-year panel data from one province each in Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam, we study the correlation between monetary poverty and nutritional outcomes of children under five. Furthermore, we compare nutritional outcomes of children below five between rural and peri-urban areas. We apply ordinary least squares and district fixed-effects regressions and find that child nutrition remains a problem in rural areas across Southeast Asia despite achievements in poverty alleviation. Results reveal that although the households in the poorest quintile in both rural and peri-urban areas spend less on food; only the rural children are more likely to be stunted or underweight. It underscores the importance of investment in medical facilities near rural vicinities.

Suggested Citation

  • Pahlisch, Thi Hoa & Parvathi, Priyanka & Waibel, Hermann, 2018. "Urbanization and child malnutrition: A comparison of three countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-region," TVSEP Working Papers wp-012, Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, Institute of Development and Agricultural Economics, Project TVSEP.
  • Handle: RePEc:tvs:wpaper:wp-012
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Poverty; Child malnutrition; Peri-urban; Rural; Fixed-effects; Southeast Asia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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