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El Impacto Redistributivo del Gasto Social en Argentina (2003-2015): Una Herramienta para Evaluar las Politicas Publicas de Asignacion Social

Author

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  • Anatilde Salerno

    (Universidad del CEMA)

Abstract

Este trabajo tiene por objeto demostrar que entre los anios 2003 y 2015 el componente de mercado relacionado con el crecimiento económico ha sido mas significativo en explicar la disminucion de la desigualdad que la expansion de las politicas redistributivas del Estado. Bajo el metodo de descomposicion del Gini busca tambien cuantificar el impacto marginal de las politicas sociales en la desigualdad. A partir de un analisis de la EPH fue posible demostrar que el cambio atribuible a las politicas del Estado fue del 21% mientras que el 79% restante se explica por los factores del mercado. Entre 2003 y 2007, casi la totalidad del cambio se explica por el mercado. En tanto, entre 2011 y 2015, el componente del Estado ascendio al 45%. El programa de pensiones no contributivas evidencia un mayor impacto redistributivo por motivo de su participacion en el ingreso de las familias. La Asignacion Universal por Hijo es el programa social con la canalizacion hacia las familias mas pobres.

Suggested Citation

  • Anatilde Salerno, 2017. "El Impacto Redistributivo del Gasto Social en Argentina (2003-2015): Una Herramienta para Evaluar las Politicas Publicas de Asignacion Social," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 79, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tul:ceqwps:79
    as

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    File URL: http://repec.tulane.edu/RePEc/ceq/ceq79.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2017
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stark, Oded & Taylor, J Edward & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1986. "Remittances and Inequality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 96(383), pages 722-740, September.
    2. Ocampo, José Antonio & Malagón, Jonathan, 2011. "El tamaño del estado y su impacto redistributivo en América Latina," Research Department working papers 226, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
    3. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2013. "Social spending and income redistribution in Argentina during the 2000s: The rising noncontributory pensions," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 05, Tulane University, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2013.
    4. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2013. "Social spending and income redistribution in Argentina during the 2000s: The rising noncontributory pensions," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 1305, Tulane University, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2013.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    desigualdad; gasto social; redistribucion; progresividad; Argentina;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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