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Medidas de eficiencia y regulación: una ilustración del sector de distribuidoras de gas en la Argentina

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  • Rodríguez Pardina, Martín

    (Universidad Argntina de la Empresa)

  • Rossi, Martín

    (Universidad Argntina de la Empresa)

Abstract

El artículo desarrolla un modelo de frontera de costos de distribución de gas, y los estima con datos de compañías de distribución de gas de Argentina. Medidas de eficiencia son una importante herramienta para los reguladores, mostrando cuánto puede aumentar una compañía su producción sin usar más insumos. En Argentina, el Marco Regulatorio del sector de gas establece que sólo firmas eficientes pueden ganar una tasa de retorno similar a aquellas actividades que enfrentan un riesgo comparable. En ese contexto, la estimación de medidas de eficiencia es una herramienta indispensable para mejorar la regulación de empresas de servicios públicos privatizadas. La primera parte del trabajo consiste en una exploración teórica de la literatura existente, donde discutimos recientes desarrollos en ese campo, prestando especial atención al caso de empresas reguladas de servicios públicos. Las fronteras determinísticas y estocásticas de costos son analizadas, ambas para estimar una frontera de costos (determinística y estocástica) para el sector de distribución de gas en Argentina. Finalmente, fueron estimados los rankings de eficiencia de las empresas.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez Pardina, Martín & Rossi, Martín, 1999. "Medidas de eficiencia y regulación: una ilustración del sector de distribuidoras de gas en la Argentina," UADE Textos de Discusión 14_1999, Instituto de Economía, Universidad Argentina de la Empresa.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:uadetd:1999_014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Olson, Jerome A. & Schmidt, Peter & Waldman, Donald M., 1980. "A Monte Carlo study of estimators of stochastic frontier production functions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 67-82, May.
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    3. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-374, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    modelo de frontera de costos; distribución de gas; regulación de empresas de servicios públicos privatizadas;

    JEL classification:

    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General

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