Optimum Currency Areas within the US and Canada a Data Analysis Approach
Over the last few decades Robert Mundell’s theory (1963) of Optimum Currency Areas (OCA) has attracted significant attention between researchers and policy makers especially after the formation of the European Monetary Union and the debate over whether the eurozone countries actually consist an OCA. In this paper, we take this debate to the area that was originally the subject of Mundell’s motivation: the US and Canada. We employ the methodology of Correspondence Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis, in a sample of macroeconomic data from the fifty US states and ten Canadian provinces for 2009 in an effort to investigate whether the current currency split between north (Canada) and south (the US) is an OCA or possibly another split may be more appropriate. Our results show that three OCAs are identified within US states and Canadian provinces: one that includes regions of eastern US and Canada, one that includes regions of central-eastern and eastern US and Canada and finally one with regions of western US and Canada.
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- Dimitrios Sideris, 2009.
"Optimum Currency Areas Structural Changes and the Endogeneity of the OCA Criteria: Evidence from Six New EU Member States,"
99, Bank of Greece.
- Dimitrios Sideris, 2011. "Optimum currency areas, structural changes and the endogeneity of the OCA criteria: evidence from six new EU member states," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 195-206.
- Michael A. Kouparitsas, 2001. "Is the United States an optimum currency area? an empirical analysis of regional business cycles," Working Paper Series WP-01-22, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- Stefan Eichler & Alexander Karmann, 2011. "Optimum Currency Areas in Emerging Market Regions: Evidence Based on the Symmetry of Economic Shocks," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 22(5), pages 935-954, November.
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