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The Urban-Rural Divide: Perceptions of Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe


  • Chiara Binelli

    (University of Southampton, UK; RCEA, Italy)

  • Matthew Loveless

    (University of Kent, UK)


Several studies have shown that perceptions of inequality vary with individuals' socioeconomic location: the higher the level of income, the less inequality is perceived. Here we argue that another type of location, the rural or urban area where an individual lives, is an important determinant of inequality perceptions and affects the impact of income on perceptions. Using survey data from 12 Central and Eastern European countries in 2007, we find that income has a negative effect on inequality perceptions only for those living in urban areas. Therefore, once controlling for urbanity, income ceases to have an independent effect on inequality perceptions. These findings suggest that previous work may have overlooked important sub-national differences, which are crucial to understand individuals' views of inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Chiara Binelli & Matthew Loveless, 2014. "The Urban-Rural Divide: Perceptions of Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe," Working Paper series 10_14, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:10_14

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Karl Kaltenthaler & Stephen Ceccoli & Ronald Gelleny, 2008. "Attitudes toward Eliminating Income Inequality in Europe," European Union Politics, , vol. 9(2), pages 217-241, June.
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    More about this item


    Inequality Perceptions; Central and Eastern Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • P25 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

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