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Une analyse socio-économique de l’entreprise artisanale. Méthodologie, fondements théoriques et enquêtes sur le terrain (A socioeconomic analysis of the craft enterprise methodology, theoretical foundations and application

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  • Sophie BOUTILLIER,

    ()

  • Claude FOURNIER

    () (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

Nous exposons dans ce texte notre méthodologie pour l’étude de l’entreprise artisanale ou de la très petite entreprise. Cette méthodologie est construite sur deux binômes grande entreprise / entreprise artisanale et entrepreneur générique / entrepreneur-artisan. L’économie des pays industriels est fondée sur la grande entreprise (entreprise fordiste), et d’un autre côté l’analyse de l’économie industrielle privilégie les économies d’échelle et la production de masse. Aussi la grande entreprise est notre point de repère à partir duquel nous analysons l’entreprise artisanale en raison de son poids économique. D’un autre côté, avec le binôme entrepreneur générique / entrepreneur artisan nous analysons l’entrepreneur-artisan comme l’entrepreneur générique. L’entrepreneur-artisan (contrairement au dirigeant de la grande entreprise) cumule les fonctions de propriétaire et de gestionnaire. La présentation de cette méthodologie est illustrée par l’étude de deux sujets : les valeurs sociales et culturelles de l’entrepreneur-artisan et le statut juridique du conjoint dans l’entreprise artisanale. We present in this paper our methodology for analysing small-scale and very small-scale enterprises. Our strategy presents a bifurcation, with large-scale (Fordist) enterprises juxtaposed against small-scale and very-small scale enterprises. Because the economies of industrial countries tend to be prominently represented by large-scale enterprises engaged in mass production, small and very small-scale enterprises within those economies tend to be differentiated on the basis of capitalization and management differences. Within this context, two distinguishing characteristics of small and very small-scale enterprises become prominent features of our analysis: enterprise legal status and spousal status of the entrepreneur.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER, & Claude FOURNIER, 2009. "Une analyse socio-économique de l’entreprise artisanale. Méthodologie, fondements théoriques et enquêtes sur le terrain (A socioeconomic analysis of the craft enterprise methodology, theoretical found," Working Papers 205, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:205
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    1. Henri Jorda, 2007. "Du paternalisme au managerialisme :les entreprises en quête de responsabilité sociale (Towards corporate social responsability)," Working Papers 143, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
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