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L’artisan entre histoire et theorie economique (Craftsman between history and economic theory)



    () (labrii, ULCO)


L’artisan est né en France (juridiquement) pendant la crise de 1929. L’objectif principal de ce texte est de faire le point sur l’histoire de l’artisanat depuis le moyen âge à nos jours. L’artisan pouvait ainsi être un serf au moyen âge, et est un entrepreneur aux 20-21ème siècles. D’où le second but de notre texte : montrer que l’artisan est aujourd’hui un entrepreneur selon la théorie économique de l’entrepreneur en se basant sur trois critères : incertitude et risque, détecter les opportunités d’investissement et innovation. The craftsman is born in France (according to the law) during the 1929 economic crisis. The main purpose of this text is to review the history of the craft sector from the middle age to the 21th century. The craftsman could be a serfdom during the middle age period, and he is an entrepreneur today. So, the second purpose of this text is to show that the craftsman is today an entrepreneur according three criteria of the economic theory of entrepreneurship: uncertainty and risk, process of discovery of opportunities of investment and innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER, 2010. "L’artisan entre histoire et theorie economique (Craftsman between history and economic theory)," Working Papers 226, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:226

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    File Function: First version, 2010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gilles Campagnolo, 2016. "Carl Menger," Post-Print hal-01477195, HAL.
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    More about this item


    Craftsman; history; economic theory;

    JEL classification:

    • N84 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - Europe: 1913-
    • Q30 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - General


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