IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/icmadp/icma-dp2001-09.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Statistical Properties of Hedge Fund Index Returns

Author

Listed:
  • Chris Brooks

    () (ICMA Centre, University of Reading)

  • Harry. M Kat

    () (ICMA Centre, University of Reading)

Abstract

he monthly return distributions of many hedge fund indices exhibit highly unusual skewness and kurtosis properties as well as first-order serial correlation. This has important consequences for investors. We demonstrate that although hedge fund indices are highly attractive in mean-variance terms, this is much less the case when skewness, kurtosis and autocorrelation are taken into account. Sharpe Ratios will substantially overestimate the true risk-return performance of (portfolios containing) hedge funds. Similarly, mean-variance portfolio analysis will over-allocate to hedge funds and overestimate the attainable benefits from including hedge funds in an investment portfolio. We also find substantial differences between indices that aim to cover the same type of strategy. Investors’ perceptions of hedge fund performance and value added will therefore strongly depend on the indices used.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Brooks & Harry. M Kat, 2001. "The Statistical Properties of Hedge Fund Index Returns," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2001-09, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  • Handle: RePEc:rdg:icmadp:icma-dp2001-09
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.icmacentre.ac.uk/pdf/discussion/DP2001-09.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. William F. Sharpe, 1965. "Mutual Fund Performance," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39, pages 119-119.
    2. David M. Geltner, 1993. "Estimating Market Values from Appraised Values without Assuming an Efficient Market," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 8(3), pages 325-346.
    3. Scott, Robert C & Horvath, Philip A, 1980. " On the Direction of Preference for Moments of Higher Order Than the Variance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 35(4), pages 915-919, September.
    4. N/A, 1991. "Appraisal," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 138(1), pages 3-5, November.
    5. Fung, William & Hsieh, David A., 2000. "Performance Characteristics of Hedge Funds and Commodity Funds: Natural vs. Spurious Biases," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(03), pages 291-307, September.
    6. Geltner, David Michael, 1991. "Smoothing in Appraisal-Based Returns," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 327-345, September.
    7. Brian H. Boyer & Michael S. Gibson & Mico Loretan, 1997. "Pitfalls in tests for changes in correlations," International Finance Discussion Papers 597, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    8. Liang, Bing, 2000. "Hedge Funds: The Living and the Dead," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(03), pages 309-326, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Georges Gallais-Hamonno & Huyen Nguyen-Thi-Thanh, 2007. "The necessity to correct hedge fund returns: empirical evidence and correction method," Working Papers halshs-00184470, HAL.
    2. Dimson, Elroy & Spaenjers, Christophe, 2011. "Ex post: The investment performance of collectible stamps," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(2), pages 443-458, May.
    3. Ribeiro, Mafalda & Santos, C. Machado, 2009. "Hedge funds strategies -are they consistent?," Working Papers 10/2009, Universidade Portucalense, Centro de Investigação em Gestão e Economia (CIGE).
    4. Nicholas Chan & Mila Getmansky & Shane M. Haas & Andrew W. Lo, 2007. "Systemic Risk and Hedge Funds," NBER Chapters,in: The Risks of Financial Institutions, pages 235-338 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Gaurav Amin & Harry. M Kat, 2002. "Who Should Buy Hedge Funds? The effect of including Hedge Funds in Portfolios of Stocks and Bonds," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2002-06, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    6. Sabrina Khanniche, 2009. "Evaluation of Hedge Fund Returns Value at Risk Using GARCH Models," EconomiX Working Papers 2009-46, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    7. Albert Banal-Estañol & Marco Ottaviani & Andrew Winton, 2013. "The Flip Side of Financial Synergies: Coinsurance Versus Risk Contamination," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(12), pages 3142-3181.
    8. Gaurav Amin & Harry. M Kat, 2002. "Stocks, Bond and Hedge Funds: Not a Free Lunch," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2002-11, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    9. Gaurav Amin & Harry. M Kat, 2002. "Portfolios of Hedge Funds What Investors Really Invest In," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2002-07, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    10. Huyen Nguyen-Thi-Thanh & Georges Gallais-Hamonno & Thi H.V. Hoang, 2008. "Faut-il corriger les rentabilités des hedge funds?," Post-Print halshs-00106400, HAL.
    11. ABEDALFATTAH Zuhair Al-Abedallat & FARIS Nasif AL- Shubiri, 2013. "Analysis The Determinants Of Credit Risk In Jordanian Banking: An Empirical Study," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 5(3), pages 21-31, September.
    12. Harry. M Kat & Sa Lu, 2002. "An Excursion into the Statistical Properties of Hedge Funds," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2002-12, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    13. Chris Brooks & Alešs Černý & Joëlle Miffre, 2012. "Optimal hedging with higher moments," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(10), pages 909-944, October.
    14. Benoît Dewaele, 2013. "Leverage and Alpha: The Case of Funds of Hedge Funds," Working Papers CEB 13-033, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    15. Harry. M Kat, 2002. "The Dangers of Using Correlation to Measure Dependence," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2002-23, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    16. Jacques Pezier & Anthony White, 2006. "The Relative Merits of Investable Hedge Fund Indices and of Funds of Hedge Funds in Optimal Passive Portfolios," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2006-10, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    17. Jacques Pézier, 2007. "Maximum Certain Equivalent Excess Returns and Equivalent Preference Criteria Part I - Theory," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2008-05, Henley Business School, Reading University, revised Dec 2008.
    18. Benoît Dewaele, 2013. "Portfolio Optimization for Hedge Funds through Time-Varying Coefficients," Working Papers CEB 13-032, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rdg:icmadp:icma-dp2001-09. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marie Pearson). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/bsrdguk.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.