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The Value Added Tax and Red Tape: What Contributes More to Electricity Tariffs in the Philippines

Author

Listed:
  • Clarete, Ramon

Abstract

Among several factors that may explain why electricity in the Philippines is expensive compared to other ASEAN member states, this paper zeroes in on two: the value added tax (VAT) and red tape in obtaining generation business permits. Legislators have raised the timeliness of lifting just the VAT on electricity to reduce electricity prices. This study however observes that red tape may contribute three times more than the VAT to making electricity costly in the country. The study uses a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Philippine economy to explore the relative contributions of the two to electricity price, and simulate their economic effects. Besides reducing electricity prices, streamlining and shortening the business permitting process for new generation companies in the country will make the economy more efficient and raise the revenue from VAT.

Suggested Citation

  • Clarete, Ramon, 2016. "The Value Added Tax and Red Tape: What Contributes More to Electricity Tariffs in the Philippines," MPRA Paper 87727, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87727
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/87727/1/MPRA_paper_87727.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-1370, November.
    2. Oliver E. Williamson, 2000. "The New Institutional Economics: Taking Stock, Looking Ahead," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(3), pages 595-613, September.
    3. Lawrence H. Goulder & Roberton C. Williams III, 2003. "The Substantial Bias from Ignoring General Equilibrium Effects in Estimating Excess Burden, and a Practical Solution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(4), pages 898-927, August.
    4. Peeters, Marga, 1996. "Investment gestation lags: The difference between time-to-build and delivery lags," MPRA Paper 28549, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Majah-Leah Ravago & James Roumasset, 2016. "The Public Economics of Electricity Policy with Philippine Applications," Working Papers 201613, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electric Energy; Electricity; Policy Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • D04 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Policy: Formulation; Implementation; Evaluation
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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