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Forschung und Entwicklung im österreichischen Unternehmenssektor in langfristiger Perspektive: Starkes Wachstum, aber alles beim Alten?
[Research and development in the Austrian business sector in a long-term perspective: a long way to the top?]

Author

Listed:
  • Dachs, Bernhard
  • Drach, Andreas

Abstract

Die F&E-Ausgaben österreichischer Unternehmen haben sich seit 2002 mehr als verdoppelt. Eine Analyse auf Basis von Firmendaten zeigt, dass für diesen Anstieg vor allem große, etablierte Firmen und nur zu einem geringen Teil neue Unternehmen verantwortlich waren. 62% der F&E-Ausgaben des Jahres 2013 stammen von Unternehmen, die bereits im Jahr 2002 Forschung & Entwicklung betrieben haben. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass kleine F&E-Betreiber in die Gruppe der großen, forschungsintensiven Player aufsteigen, ist sehr gering. Diese Beobachtung weist auf institutionelle Hemmnisse im österreichischen Innovationssystem hin, die kleine Firmen möglicherweise davon abhalten, sich zu R&D Leaders zu entwickeln. The R&D expenditures of the Austrian business sector have more than doubled since 2002. Our analysis shows that this increase is mainly due to large incumbent firms. Only a fraction of the additional funds for R&D can be attributed to the growth of new firms. 62% of all R&D expenditures in 2013 can be related to firms which already did R&D in 2002. The probability that a small R&D intensive firms becomes one of the large R&D players is very low. Our observation points to structural obstacles in the Austrian innovation system that may hamper small firms to evolve into R&D leaders.

Suggested Citation

  • Dachs, Bernhard & Drach, Andreas, 2018. "Forschung und Entwicklung im österreichischen Unternehmenssektor in langfristiger Perspektive: Starkes Wachstum, aber alles beim Alten?
    [Research and development in the Austrian business sector in
    ," MPRA Paper 87000, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87000
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/87000/1/MPRA_paper_87000.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:wfo:wquart:y:1997:i:2:p:75-86 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cristiano Antonelli & Francesco Crespi & Giuseppe Scellato, 2013. "Internal and external factors in innovation persistence," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 256-280, April.
    3. Bettina Peters, 2009. "Persistence of innovation: stylised facts and panel data evidence," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 226-243, April.
    4. Franco Malerba, 2006. "Innovation and the evolution of industries," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 3-23, April.
    5. Cohen, Wesley M., 2010. "Fifty Years of Empirical Studies of Innovative Activity and Performance," Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, Elsevier.
    6. Montobbio, Fabio, 2002. "An evolutionary model of industrial growth and structural change," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 387-414, December.
    7. Gernot Hutschenreiter & Michael Peneder, 1997. "Austria's "Technology Gap" in Foreign Trade," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 70(2), pages 103-114, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    research and development; Austria; structural change;

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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