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Entwicklung und Stand von Bürgerenergiegesellschaften und Energiegenossenschaften in Deutschland
[Development and State of Community Energy Companies and Energy Cooperatives in Germany]

Author

Listed:
  • Kahla, Franziska
  • Holstenkamp, Lars
  • Müller, Jakob R.
  • Degenhart, Heinrich

Abstract

In the paper, the authors describe an estimation of the number and development of community energy companies and energy cooperatives in Germany. The analysis is based on two databases that are maintained by the authors. An increase in the number of new community energy companies in Germany can be observed until 2014. In 2014 at the latest, the number of newly founded energy cooperatives decreased. The decline could only partly be compensated by an increase in the number of limited partnerships with a limited liability company as general partner (GmbH & Co. KG). This shift from the cooperative model to the limited partnership model is linked to a shift in the predominant electricity generation technology. An increase in onshore wind energy can be observed while photovoltaics had to struggle with a shrinking market. Moreover, more bankruptcies and liquidations have been observed since 2009 for community energy companies and energy cooperatives. The existing community energy companies are mostly producing electricity while only a smaller group runs energy grids, especially for heat distribution (small district heating networks). The main focus of community energy companies and energy cooperatives lays on the production of energy through onshore wind and photovoltaics. Bavaria, Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia are the regional core areas of these companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Kahla, Franziska & Holstenkamp, Lars & Müller, Jakob R. & Degenhart, Heinrich, 2017. "Entwicklung und Stand von Bürgerenergiegesellschaften und Energiegenossenschaften in Deutschland
    [Development and State of Community Energy Companies and Energy Cooperatives in Germany]
    ," MPRA Paper 81261, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81261
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/81261/1/wpbl27_BEG-Stand_Entwicklungen.pdf
    File Function: original version
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Holstenkamp, Lars & Kahla, Franziska, 2016. "What are community energy companies trying to accomplish? An empirical investigation of investment motives in the German case," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 112-122.
    2. Blome-Drees Johannes & Degens Philipp & Schimmele Clemens, 2016. "Auswirkungen und Inanspruchnahme neuer Regelungen im Rahmen der Novelle des Genossenschaftsgesetzes von 2006," Zeitschrift für das gesamte Genossenschaftswesen, De Gruyter, vol. 66(2), pages 79-92, June.
    3. Müller, Jakob R. & Holstenkamp, Lars, 2015. "Zum Stand von Energiegenossenschaften in Deutschland: Aktualisierter Überblick über Zahlen und Entwicklungen zum 31.12.2014
      [On the State of Energy Cooperatives in Germany: Updated Overview of Numb
      ," MPRA Paper 62072, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Pier Angelo Mori, 2013. "Customer ownership of public utilities: new wine in old bottles," Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises, vol. 2(1), pages 54-74, August.
    5. Doluschitz Reiner & Lavèn Pamela & Haug Harald & Reifschneider Annika, 2012. "Analyse der Neugründungen von Genossenschaften – Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung im Verbandsgebiet Baden-Württemberg," Zeitschrift für das gesamte Genossenschaftswesen, De Gruyter, vol. 62(1), pages 19-34, March.
    6. Bauwens, Thomas, 2016. "Explaining the diversity of motivations behind community renewable energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 278-290.
    7. Holstenkamp, Lars & Müller, Jakob R., 2013. "Zum Stand von Energiegenossenschaften in Deutschland: Ein statistischer Überblick zum 31. Dezember 2012
      [On the State of Energy Cooperatives in Germany: A Statistical Overview As of 31 December 201
      ," MPRA Paper 53050, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Community Energy; Energy Cooperatives; Financial Participation;

    JEL classification:

    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • O35 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Social Innovation
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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