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The Relevance Of The Cooperative Model In The Field Of Renewable Energy

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  • Benjamin HUYBRECHTS
  • Sybille MERTENS

Abstract

type="main" xml:lang="de"> Tandis que les coopératives “traditionnelles” opérant dans les secteurs établis tels que la finance, l'agriculture ou la grande distribution ont fait l'objet d'une littérature abondante, de nombreuses pistes de recherche restent à explorer quant aux raisons et aux conditions de l'émergence de coopératives soit dans des secteurs où elles sont relativement absentes (tels que la santé et les services), soit dans des nouveaux secteurs ou sous-secteurs (par exemple la microfinance, le commerce équitable ou, dans le cas de cet article, les énergies renouvelables). Ce d'autant plus que les “nouvelles” coopératives tendent à se distinguer des modèles établis à travers par exemple l'implication de parties prenantes multiples (plutôt qu'un acteur dominant tel que les producteurs, les consommateurs ou les travailleurs) ou l'orientation plus marquée vers l'intérêt général (au-delà de l'intérêt mutuel comme force motrice de nombreuses coopératives). Dans cet article, nous analysons l'émergence de coopératives dans le secteur des énergies renouvelables. Ce développement coopératif a suscité un enthousiasme important auprès de différentes parties prenantes mais a également suscité des questionnements par rapport à la viabilité et le potentiel de diffusion du modèle coopératif. D'un côté, les atouts du modèle coopératif permettent de comprendre pourquoi cette forme a été adoptée par de nombreux groupes de citoyens et s'est développée, bien qu'à des rythmes différents, dans de nombreux pays. D'un autre côté, les limites du modèle éclairent le développement inégal et fragile dû à des obstacles divers.

Suggested Citation

  • Benjamin HUYBRECHTS & Sybille MERTENS, 2014. "The Relevance Of The Cooperative Model In The Field Of Renewable Energy," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 85(2), pages 193-212, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:annpce:v:85:y:2014:i:2:p:193-212
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/apce.12038
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Chiara Candelise & Gianluca Ruggieri, 2017. "Community Energy in Italy: Heterogeneous institutional characteristics and citizens engagement," IEFE Working Papers 93, IEFE, Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    2. Mignon, Ingrid & Rüdinger, Andreas, 2016. "The impact of systemic factors on the deployment of cooperative projects within renewable electricity production – An international comparison," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 478-488.
    3. Holstenkamp, Lars & Kahla, Franziska, 2016. "What are community energy companies trying to accomplish? An empirical investigation of investment motives in the German case," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 112-122.
    4. Yildiz, Özgür & Radtke, Jörg, 2015. "Energy cooperatives as a form of workplace democracy? A theoretical assessment," economic sociology_the european electronic newsletter, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, vol. 16(3), pages 17-24.
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:3400-3419 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bla:econpa:v:36:y:2017:i:3:p:300-316 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:enepol:v:117:y:2018:i:c:p:49-57 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Camille Meyer & Marek Hudon, 2017. "Alternative organizations in finance: commoning in complementary currencies," Working Papers CEB 17-015, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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