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Labour Cost And Employment Multipliers: The Case Of Greece (1988-1998)


  • Belegri-Roboli, Athena
  • Michaelides, Panayotis G.
  • Markaki, Maria


The present paper measures the labour multipliers in the Greek economy by means of input-output analysis. The purpose of the paper is to study the interdependencies between the labour structure changes and economic growth in Greece, by measuring the backward and forward multipliers by industry. The backward multipliers measure the structural changes in the total labour cost and employment, respectively, due to variations in the final demand. The forward multipliers measure the impact of the variations of employment and labour cost on the final demand categories. The data are obtained from the Greek input-output tables (1988-1998). The empirical results show that the total (labour cost and employment) backward multipliers, have generally increased over the 1988-1998 period. On this basis, some policy implications are discussed, regarding the country’s priority to reshape the labour market and to increase employment.

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  • Belegri-Roboli, Athena & Michaelides, Panayotis G. & Markaki, Maria, 2005. "Labour Cost And Employment Multipliers: The Case Of Greece (1988-1998)," MPRA Paper 74428, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:74428

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bart Los, 2001. "Endogenous Growth and Structural Change in a Dynamic Input-Output Model," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 3-34.
    2. Leroy P. Jones, 1976. "The Measurement of Hirschmanian Linkages," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 90(2), pages 323-333.
    3. W B Beyers, 1976. "Empirical Identification of Key Sectors: Some Further Evidence," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 8(2), pages 231-236, April.
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    More about this item


    employment; labour cost multipliers; input-output framework; Greece;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C6 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs


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