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Coordination of Public Policies through Strategic Planning Instruments: Romania Case study

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  • Matei, Ani
  • Dogaru, Tatiana-Camelia

Abstract

If improved public administration can be characterized as “doing things right” then the policy making process might be described as determining the appropriate things to do, so that government is “doing the right things”. In Romania as in other transition economies, public action through government has been restructured to meet the needs of modern “market economies”. Aware of its policy-making weaknesses, Romania’s government has pursued various reforms in the last few years. The reforms introduced followed among others the strengthening of the government to create the system and mechanisms for horizontal coordination of public policies. The reasons are numerous and various, including the need to manage and maximize the efficacy of limited resources, intermission between international policies and public policy areas. Solving the problems in a coherent manner require efficient coordination, improving cooperation between ministries and involving citizens in planning. The quality of public policy depends on a large extent on the activities of consultation and coordination, developed on one hand inside the public institutions belonging to the executive power, and on the other hand between public institutions and representatives bodies, group of interest, and the strategic planning. Therefore, an important role in the public policy process is played by the strategic planning; its various elements can contribute directly to the understanding and formulation of policy priorities and goals. Strategic planning may be though as a “way of knowing” intended to help policy makers and managers to discern what to do, how and why. Moreover, the institutional and legislative approach of the public policies is based on one side on the institutional management, by using instruments such as: planning of the resources or the strategic planning, and on the other side the adaptation and actualization of the necessary legislative framework. In Romania, according to the strategy of improvement the elaboration, coordination and planning system of the public policies at the level of central public administration, the strategic planning is introduced in two stages: the management component of the strategic plans and the program budgeting component. The strategic plan plays the role of an instrument that promotes coherent public policies, ensures quality and the right justification of the public policies, and backs up the main policies to be financed. Using the theoretical, analytical, and empirical framework, described by various scholars and by strategic documents carried out by Romania, this paper aims: - to explore the conceptual dimension of policy instruments and strategic planning; - to identify the mechanisms and institutions involve within strategic planning process and public policies coordination; - to achieve a progressive analysis of the efforts made by Romania to improve the public policy process, outlining the using of strategic planning within public policy making; The conclusions will reveal the progresses made by Romania to use the strategic planning and the possible inconsistencies and weaknesses within public policy process. For achieving the aims of the actual paper we have used bibliographical research and study of legislation applied to domestic public policies as well as the study of procedural and strategic documents carried out by Romanian authorities for supporting the public policy-making.

Suggested Citation

  • Matei, Ani & Dogaru, Tatiana-Camelia, 2012. "Coordination of Public Policies through Strategic Planning Instruments: Romania Case study," MPRA Paper 53674, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jan 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:53674
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/53674/1/MPRA_paper_53674.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alberto Chilosi, 2003. "Coordination, Cooperation, And The Extended Coasean Approach To Economic Policy," Public Economics 0306003, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Sep 2003.
    2. Matei, Lucica, 2007. "Globalization and Public Policies. Transnational Actors' Involvement," Apas Papers 18, Academic Public Administration Studies Archive - APAS.
    3. Matei, Ani & Dogaru, Tatiana-Camelia, 2011. "Instruments of policy analysis. the impact assessment development by public authorities in Romania. Case study," MPRA Paper 31471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Jun 2011.
    4. Lucica Matei, 2008. "Representing the Local Interests in Governmental Policy Making. The Romanian Experiment," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 8(8(525)), pages 43-62, August.
    5. Antti Pelkonen & Tuula Teräväinen & Suvi-Tuuli Waltari, 2008. "Assessing policy coordination capacity: Higher education, science, and technology policies in Finland," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(4), pages 241-252, May.
    6. Dietmar Braun, 2008. "Organising the political coordination of knowledge and innovation policies," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(4), pages 227-239, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    public policymaking; strategic planning; policy instruments;

    JEL classification:

    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation

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