Two-Person Fair Division of Indivisible Items: An Efficient, Envy-Free Algorithm
Many procedures have been suggested for the venerable problem of dividing a set of indivisible items between two players. We propose a new algorithm (AL), related to one proposed by Brams and Taylor (BT), which requires only that the players strictly rank items from best to worst. Unlike BT, in which any item named by both players in the same round goes into a “contested pile,” AL may reduce, or even eliminate, the contested pile, allocating additional or more preferred items to the players. The allocation(s) that AL yields are Pareto-optimal, envy-free, and maximal; as the number of items (assumed even) increases, the probability that AL allocates all the items appears to approach infinity if all possible rankings are equiprobable. Although AL is potentially manipulable, strategizing under it would be difficult in practice.
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- Brams,S.L. & Kaplan,T.R., 2002.
"Dividing the indivisible : procedures for allocating cabinet ministries to political parties in a parliamentary system,"
Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers
340, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
- Brams, S.J. & Kaplan, T.R., 2002. "Dividing the Indivisible: Procedures for Allocating Cabinet Ministries to Political Parties in a Parliamentary System," Working Papers 02-06, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
- Steven J. Brams & Todd R. Kaplan, 2002. "Dividing the Indivisible: Procedures for Allocating Cabinet Ministries to Political Parties in a Parliamentary System," Discussion Papers 0202, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
- Brams, Steven J. & Kilgour, D. Marc & Klamler, Christian, 2009.
"The undercut procedure: an algorithm for the envy-free division of indivisible items,"
12774, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Steven Brams & D. Kilgour & Christian Klamler, 2012. "The undercut procedure: an algorithm for the envy-free division of indivisible items," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 615-631, July.
- Dorothea Herreiner & Clemens Puppe, 2002. "A simple procedure for finding equitable allocations of indivisible goods," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 415-430, April.
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