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Situation Analysis to Support the Programme Design Process for National Skills Strategy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan


  • Janjua, Yasin
  • Mohammad, Irfan


This paper has the following objectives: • To provide information on Pakistan’s economy, labour and demography, education, and present situation in the TVET system and employment sectors; • To provide information about knowledge gaps and to make recommendations for further analysis and studies; and • To act as a Stimulus for discussion with development partners on how best to support the implementation of the National Skills Strategy for Pakistan. The Paper briefly covers areas and issues in Pakistan’s TVET system – its governance and provision, labour market context, state of education and information on students. It also highlights a number of issues for further discussion. The paper is written under the assumption that readers are familiar with the Government of Pakistan’s commitment to improve the TVET system in Pakistan, the NAVTEC and its Vision for skilling Pakistan. Consolidated, accurate, and up-to-date information on TVET is not easily available. The information for this Background Paper has been collected from various sources and the authors acknowledge that significant gaps remain. The paper is organized in seven sections. Section one provides introduction and overview of Pakistan’s economy; section two discuss the general education and TVET system; section three covers governance of TVET system in Pakistan while sections four, five, and six discuss skill formation in and outside the formal system, financing of TVET, and major TVET initiatives. The section seven presents conclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Janjua, Yasin & Mohammad, Irfan, 2008. "Situation Analysis to Support the Programme Design Process for National Skills Strategy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 38153, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38153

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Uzma Zia, 2007. "International Competitiveness—Where Pakistan Stands?," PIDE-Working Papers 2007:28, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. World Bank, 2003. "Lifelong Learning in the Global Knowledge Economy : Challenges for Developing Countries," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15141, April.
    3. Almeida, Rita & Aterido, Reyes, 2008. "The incentives to invest in job training : do strict labor codes influence this decision?," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 46189, The World Bank.
    4. Uzma Zia, 2007. "International Competitiveness  Where Pakistan Stands?," Development Economics Working Papers 22222, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yi, Hongmei & Zhang, Linxiu & Yao, Yezhou & Wang, Aiqin & Ma, Yue & Shi, Yaojiang & Chu, James & Loyalka, Prashant & Rozelle, Scott, 2015. "Exploring the dropout rates and causes of dropout in upper-secondary technical and vocational education and training (TVET) schools in China," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 115-123.

    More about this item


    Technical and Vocational Education; Training; Pakistan; Formal or In-Formal Training; Skills;

    JEL classification:

    • A2 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General


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