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The competitiveness of Polish manufacturing export on the EU market in the years 2004-2006


  • Olczyk, Magdalena


This article aims to determine the levels and bases of competitiveness of Polish exports of industrial products in the Common Market on the background of selected countries. The results of the analysis carried out by Constant Market Share, applied to the decomposition of the growth of Polish exports, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary to the EU market during the period 2004-2006 indicated that Poland became a (toogether with Czech Republic), a leader in terms of structure and level of competitiveness in the EU market for industrial goods. The main source of growth in exports of Polish on the EU market during the period was the increase in the competitiveness of exported goods to this market. In addition, a systematic increase in Polish exports in 2004-2006 was due to positive changes in the commodity structure of Polish. Products that generate the greatest positive effect of competition in the period were the same for all countries analyzed. Among these were the most technologically advanced departments, such as machinery and mechanical appliances, electrical machinery and equipment and vehicles other than railway. Matrix analysis of competitiveness Polish, Czech, Hungary and Slovakia to the EU market in 2004-2006 pointed to the strongly increasing the effectiveness of Polish exports of industrial goods of high quality, with a dominant but ineffective form of price competition on the EU market. In 2006, Poland has the EU market a positive trade balance in the category of high-quality industrial goods, which may indicate emerging, new, effective form of competition on the EU market

Suggested Citation

  • Olczyk, Magdalena, 2008. "The competitiveness of Polish manufacturing export on the EU market in the years 2004-2006," MPRA Paper 33651, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:33651

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Karl Aiginger & Michael Landesmann, 2002. "Competitive Economic Performance: The European View," WIFO Working Papers 179, WIFO.
    2. Aiginger, Karl, 1997. "The Use of Unit Values to Discriminate between Price and Quality Competition," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(5), pages 571-592, September.
    3. Peter Havlik & Michael Landesmann & Robert Stehrer, 2001. "Competitiveness of CEE Industries: Evidence From Foreign Trade Specialization and Quality Indicators," wiiw Research Reports 278, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    4. Aiginger, K., 1998. "A framework for evaluating the dynamic competitiveness of countries," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 159-188, June.
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    More about this item


    export; competitiveness; poland;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies


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