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Monitoring Profile Shifts and Differences among Work Integration Social Enterprises in Flanders


  • Van Opstal, Wim
  • Deraedt, Eva
  • Gijselinckx, Caroline


The sector of Work Integration Social Enterprises (WISEs) has grown considerably all across Europe during the last few decades. While WISEs focusing at sheltered employment for people with disabilities exist for a long time already, many governments embraced WISEs as an active labour market policy tool to address an expanding scope of disadvantaged workers. Measurement of the effectiveness of these policies remains scarce, however. Even worse, many governments do not even have a clear sight on the profile of WISEs they are supporting. In this paper, we utilize data from a newly designed monitoring instrument to capture the profile of WISEs in Flanders (Belgium). We discuss some methodological issues in using administrative data to monitor this sector, and present a profile at the enterprise level and at the worker level. More specifically, we analyse both profile differences between and profile shifts within WISE work forms that have been defined by the government. This allows us to compare the profile of early stage WISEs with that of their mature counterparts. Moreover, it invites us to evaluate whether these profile shifts and differences are in accordance with policy choices made.

Suggested Citation

  • Van Opstal, Wim & Deraedt, Eva & Gijselinckx, Caroline, 2009. "Monitoring Profile Shifts and Differences among Work Integration Social Enterprises in Flanders," MPRA Paper 16398, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:16398

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hansmann, Henry, 1990. "Why Do Universities Have Endowments?," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 3-42, January.
    2. Carlo Borzaga, 2013. "Social enterprise," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise, chapter 32, pages 318-326 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Astrid Coates & Wim Van Opstal, 2009. "The Joys and Burdens of Multiple Legal Frameworks for Social Entrepreneurship. Lessons from the Belgian Case," Working Papers on Social and Co-operative Entrepreneurship 0903, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, HIVA, Cera Centre for Co-operative Entrepreneurship.
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    Cited by:

    1. Saskia Crucke & Adelien Decramer, 2016. "The Development of a Measurement Instrument for the Organizational Performance of Social Enterprises," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-30, February.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:161:d:63634 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Work Integration Social Enterprises; Active Labour Market Policy; Monitoring; Early Stage Enterprises; Worker profile;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L3 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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