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A macroeconomic structural model for the Portuguese economy


  • Mourinho Félix, Ricardo


This paper presents a macroeconomic model with some microfoundations for a small open economy. The main purpose is the simulation of external environment and fiscal policy shocks. The model includes sufficiently disaggregated public sector and household disposable income accounts and it considers a fiscal policy rule that ensures the fulfilment of some budgetary requirements. Thus, the impact in main macroeconomic aggregates of alternative external environment shocks can be evaluated under the assumption that the government automatically adjusts the income tax rate to fulfill these requirements. Furthermore, it is well known that the impact of fiscal policy shocks depends crucially on the economic agents’ ability to adjust their behaviour to fiscal policy changes, according to their assessment on future economic developments. Since, this model considers economic agents that form model-consistent expectations, then fiscal policy simulations can be performed properly. In this study, the model is calibrated for the Portuguese economy and the fiscal rule budgetary requirements (a target fiscal balance of 3% of GDP and a debt-to-GDP ratio target of 60%) correspond to the Stability and Growth Pact excessive deficit thresholds. The simulations presented here can contribute to the current discussion of budgetary consolidation measures in Portugal.

Suggested Citation

  • Mourinho Félix, Ricardo, 2005. "A macroeconomic structural model for the Portuguese economy," MPRA Paper 10465, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Nov 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10465

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sefton, J A & In't Veld, J W, 1999. "Consumption and Wealth: An International Comparison," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 67(4), pages 525-544, September.
    2. R. Glenn Hubbard & Anil K. Kashyap & Toni M. Whited, 1993. "Internal Finance and Firm Investment," NBER Working Papers 4392, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Laxton, Douglas & Pesenti, Paolo, 2003. "Monetary rules for small, open, emerging economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1109-1146, July.
    4. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
    5. Kortelainen, Mika, 2002. "Edge : A model of the euro area with applications to monetary policy," Scientific Monographs, Bank of Finland, number 2002_023, November.
    6. Backus, David K. & Crucini, Mario J., 2000. "Oil prices and the terms of trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 185-213, February.
    7. Pedro Duarte Neves & Susana Botas & Carlos Robalo Marques, 1998. "Estimation of potencial output for the Portuguese economy," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    8. Paulo Soares Esteves & Ricardo Mourinho Félix & Francisco Craveiro Dias, 2004. "Revisiting the NAIRU Estimates for the Portuguese Economy," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    9. Juillard, Michel & Laxton, Douglas & McAdam, Peter & Pioro, Hope, 1998. "An algorithm competition: First-order iterations versus Newton-based techniques," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 22(8-9), pages 1291-1318, August.
    10. Julio J. Rotemberg, 1982. "Monopolistic Price Adjustment and Aggregate Output," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(4), pages 517-531.
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    Cited by:

    1. Durmus Ozdemir & Mustafa Kemal Gündoğdu, 2012. "Structural Macro econometric Model of Turkey; Impact of Structural Characteristics on Macroeconomic Indicators," EcoMod2012 3886, EcoMod.

    More about this item


    structural models; rational expectations; fiscal policy; fiscal rule; Portugal;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications


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