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Consequences of withdrawal : Free condoms and birth rates in the Philippines

Listed author(s):
  • J.M. Ian Salas

    (Department of Economics, University of California, Irvine)

This paper presents new evidence on the role of subsidized contraceptives in influencing fertility behavior. It draws on two types of disruptions that affected the public supply of free contraceptives in the Philippines : a sharp reduction induced by the phase out of contraceptive donations to the country from an external donor coupled with a government policy that shirked public funding to fill the supply shortfall, and substantial fluctuations in the shipment of free contraceptives to the country’s provinces that was brought about by supply chain issues. It finds that birth rates were responsive to both broad and transitory changes in public contraceptive supply : provinces which experienced big declines in the supply of free contraceptives also had big increases (or small decreases) in birth rates, while temporary supply drops (increases) were followed by rising (falling) birth rates. It also identifies poor, less educated, and rural women as the groups which were least able to cope with short-term gaps in public contraceptive supply.

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Paper provided by University of the Philippines School of Economics in its series UP School of Economics Discussion Papers with number 201220.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2012
Publication status: Published as UPSE Discussion Paper No. 2012-20, November 2012
Handle: RePEc:phs:dpaper:201220
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  1. Kelly M. Jones, 2015. "Contraceptive Supply and Fertility Outcomes: Evidence from Ghana," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64(1), pages 31-69.
  2. Ernesto M. Pernia, 2007. "Population as Public Interest," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 200708, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
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