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The social cost of unemployment in Spain: who are the losers?

Author

Listed:
  • Lucía Gorjón García

    () (ISEAK and FEDEA)

  • Sara de la Rica

    () (Universidad del País Vasco & FEDEA)

  • Antonio Villar

    () (Universidad Pablo de Olavide & IVIE)

Abstract

The social cost of unemployment is an evaluation protocol proposed by Gorjón, de la Rica & Villar (2018) that integrates into a single indicator three different dimensions of this phenomenon: incidence (the conventional unemployment rate), severity (depending on the unemployment duration and the lost income) and hysteresis (the probability of remaining unemployed). This indicator corresponds to the aggregate disutility of unemployed workers and can thus be regarded as a measure of the social welfare loss due to unemployment. We apply here this evaluation protocol to the Spanish labour market, using the official register of unemployed workers compiled by the Public Employment Service, focusing on the differences among the types of unemployed workers that can be defined according to gender, age, level of studies, unemployment duration, and type of compensation received. Then we identify the population subgroups that suffer most the impact of unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucía Gorjón García & Sara de la Rica & Antonio Villar, 2019. "The social cost of unemployment in Spain: who are the losers?," Working Papers 19.08, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pab:wpaper:19.08
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sara de La Rica & Lucía Gorjón, 2017. "Assessing the Impact of a Minimum Income Scheme in the Basque Country," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2017-16, FEDEA.
    2. Samuel Bentolila & J. Ignacio García-Pérez & Marcel Jansen, 2017. "Are the Spanish long-term unemployed unemployable?," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 1-41, March.
    3. Charles I. Jones & Peter J. Klenow, 2016. "Beyond GDP? Welfare across Countries and Time," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(9), pages 2426-2457, September.
    4. Lucía Gorjón & Sara de la Rica & Antonio Villar, 2018. "The social cost of unemployment: the Spanish labour market from a social welfare approach," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2018-22, FEDEA.
    5. de la Rica, Sara & Gorjón, Lucía, 2017. "Assessing the Impact of a Minimum Income Scheme in the Basque Country," IZA Discussion Papers 10867, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Manimay Sengupta, 2009. "Unemployment duration and the measurement of unemployment," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 7(3), pages 273-294, September.
    7. Julio López-Laborda & Carmen Marín-González & Jorge Onrubia, 2017. "Estimating Engel curves: A new way to improve the SILC-HBS matching process," Working Papers 2017-15, FEDEA.
    8. Sen, Amartya, 1973. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198281931.
    9. Anthony Shorrocks, 2009. "Spell incidence, spell duration and the measurement of unemployment," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 7(3), pages 295-310, September.
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    11. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
    12. repec:spr:lnecms:978-3-319-45562-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Samuel Bentolila & J. Ignacio García-Pérez & Marcel Jansen, 2017. "Are the Spanish Long-Term Unemployed Unemployable?," Working Papers wp2018_1707, CEMFI.
    14. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    social cost of unemployment; unemployment duration; incidence; severity and hysteresis of unemployment; Spanish labour market; types of workers.;

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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