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Bitcoin Gold, Litecoin Silver: An Introduction to Cryptocurrency’s Valuation and Trading Strategy

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  • Yu, Haoyang
  • Sun, Yutong
  • Liu, Yulin
  • Zhang, Luyao

Abstract

Historically, gold and silver have played distinct roles in tra- ditional monetary systems. While gold has primarily been revered as a superior store of value, prompting individuals to hoard it, silver has com- monly been used as a medium of exchange. As the financial world evolves, the emergence of cryptocurrencies has introduced a new paradigm of value and exchange. However, the store-of-value characteristic of these digital assets remains largely uncharted. Charlie Lee, the founder of Lite- coin, once likened Bitcoin to gold and Litecoin to silver. To validate this analogy, our study employs several metrics, including unspent transac- tion outputs (UTXO), spent transaction outputs (STXO), Weighted Average Lifespan (WAL), CoinDaysDestroyed (CDD), and public on-chain transaction data. Furthermore, we’ve devised trading strategies centered around the Price-to-Utility (PU) ratio, offering a fresh perspective on crypto-asset valuation beyond traditional utilities. Our back-testing re- sults not only display trading indicators for both Bitcoin and Litecoin but also substantiate Lee’s metaphor, underscoring Bitcoin’s superior store-of-value proposition relative to Litecoin. We anticipate that our findings will drive further exploration into the valuation of crypto assets. For enhanced transparency and to promote future research, we’ve made our datasets available on Harvard Dataverse and shared our Python code on GitHub as open source.

Suggested Citation

  • Yu, Haoyang & Sun, Yutong & Liu, Yulin & Zhang, Luyao, 2023. "Bitcoin Gold, Litecoin Silver: An Introduction to Cryptocurrency’s Valuation and Trading Strategy," OSF Preprints t2fku, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:osfxxx:t2fku
    DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/t2fku
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hanna Halaburda & Guillaume Haeringer & Joshua Gans & Neil Gandal, 2022. "The Microeconomics of Cryptocurrencies," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 60(3), pages 971-1013, September.
    2. Shangrong Jiang & Yuze Li & Quanying Lu & Yongmiao Hong & Dabo Guan & Yu Xiong & Shouyang Wang, 2021. "Policy assessments for the carbon emission flows and sustainability of Bitcoin blockchain operation in China," Nature Communications, Nature, vol. 12(1), pages 1-10, December.
    3. Emiliano S Pagnotta, 2022. "Decentralizing Money: Bitcoin Prices and Blockchain Security," The Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 35(2), pages 866-907.
    4. Luyao Zhang & Fan Zhang, 2023. "Understand Waiting Time in Transaction Fee Mechanism: An Interdisciplinary Perspective," Papers 2305.02552, arXiv.org.
    5. Luyao Zhang & Tianyu Wu & Saad Lahrichi & Carlos-Gustavo Salas-Flores & Jiayi Li, 2022. "A Data Science Pipeline for Algorithmic Trading: A Comparative Study of Applications for Finance and Cryptoeconomics," Papers 2206.14932, arXiv.org.
    6. Yulin Liu & Luyao Zhang & Yinhong Zhao, 2021. "Deciphering Bitcoin Blockchain Data by Cohort Analysis," Papers 2103.00173, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2022.
    7. Zhang, Luyao & Sun, Yutong & Quan, Yutong & Cao, Jiaxun & Tong, Xin, 2023. "On the Mechanics of NFT Valuation: AI Ethics and Social Media," OSF Preprints qwpdx, Center for Open Science.
    8. Baur, Dirk G. & Hong, KiHoon & Lee, Adrian D., 2018. "Bitcoin: Medium of exchange or speculative assets?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 177-189.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yutong Quan & Xintong Wu & Wanlin Deng & Luyao Zhang, 2023. "Decoding Social Sentiment in DAO: A Comparative Analysis of Blockchain Governance Communities," Papers 2311.14676, arXiv.org, revised May 2024.
    2. Nir Chemaya & Lin William Cong & Emma Jorgensen & Dingyue Liu & Luyao Zhang, 2023. "Uniswap Daily Transaction Indices by Network," Papers 2312.02660, arXiv.org.
    3. Yan, Tao & Li, Shengnan & Kraner, Benjamin & Zhang, Luyao & Tessone, Claudio J., 2024. "Analyzing Reward Dynamics and Decentralization in Ethereum 2.0: An Advanced Data Engineering Workflow and Comprehensive Datasets for Proof-of-Stake Incentives," OSF Preprints 6ceuz, Center for Open Science.
    4. Tao Yan & Shengnan Li & Benjamin Kraner & Luyao Zhang & Claudio J. Tessone, 2024. "Analyzing Reward Dynamics and Decentralization in Ethereum 2.0: An Advanced Data Engineering Workflow and Comprehensive Datasets for Proof-of-Stake Incentives," Papers 2402.11170, arXiv.org.
    5. Quan, Yutong & Wu, Xintong & Deng, Wanlin & Zhang, Luyao, 2023. "Decoding Social Sentiment in DAO: A Comparative Analysis of Blockchain Governance Communities," OSF Preprints bq6tu, Center for Open Science.

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