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Adaptation and Innovation: An Analysis of Crop Biotechnology Patent Data

Author

Listed:
  • Shardul Agrawala

    (OECD)

  • Cécile Bordier

    (OECD)

  • Victoria Schreitter

    (OECD)

  • Valerie Karplus

    (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Abstract

Innovation in technologies that promote mitigation and adaptation will be critical for tackling climate change. It can decrease the costs of policy measures and provide new opportunities for the private sector. However, most discussions of innovation have focused on mitigation, while little attention has been paid to innovation for adaptation. This paper uses agricultural crop biotechnology as a case study of innovative activity. The agricultural sector is considered to be particularly vulnerable to climate change, in addition to facing the pressures of meeting the demands of a rising world population. Innovation in plant breeding to develop crop varieties that are more resilient to climate change impacts is one of several possible adaptation options for agriculture. This paper neither advocates nor discourages the use of biotechnology, but focuses on providing estimates of the level and trends of innovation in this field.

Suggested Citation

  • Shardul Agrawala & Cécile Bordier & Victoria Schreitter & Valerie Karplus, 2012. "Adaptation and Innovation: An Analysis of Crop Biotechnology Patent Data," OECD Environment Working Papers 40, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:40-en
    as

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9csvvntt8p-en
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Declan Conway & Antoine Dechezleprêtre & Ivan Haščič & Nick Johnstone, 2015. "Invention and Diffusion of Water Supply and Water Efficiency Technologies: Insights from a Global Patent Dataset," Water Economics and Policy (WEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 1(04), pages 1-34, December.
    2. Ortiz, R., 2014. "Plant genetic engineering, climate change and food security," IWMI Working Papers H046809, International Water Management Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    adaptation; adaptation; agriculture; agriculture; biotechnologie; biotechnology; brevets; changement climatique; climate change; innovation; innovation; patents;

    JEL classification:

    • O39 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Other
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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