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A Post-Mortem on Economic Outlook Projections

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  • Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou
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    This paper reviews the accuracy of the OECD Economic Outlook projections — both “current year” and “year ahead” — for output growth, inflation and current account balances (as a percentage of GDP) for the major seven countries, as well as projections for world trade growth. The sample period differs somewhat between the variables, depending on data availability, but it runs until 1998 in all cases. Several evaluation criteria were used to assess the accuracy of the OECD Economic Outlook projections. These include an inspection of projection error summary statistics; comparisons with “naive” alternative forecasts; statistical tests for unbiasedness and efficiency; and testing for directional accuracy. In addition, the paper provides an examination of the performance of OECD Economic Outlook projections over different time periods. The findings suggest that, on the basis of the conventional statistical criteria, the current year projections outperform the year ahead projections ... Cet article analyse la précision des prévisions pour l’année courante et pour l’année suivante des Perspectives Économiques de l’OCDE pour la croissance du PIB, l’inflation, et la balance courante (en pourcentage du PIB) pour les 7 pays les plus importants, aussi que les prévisions pour la croissance du commerce international. La période d’analyse varie selon la variable en question, en fonction de la disponibilité des données, jusqu’en 1998 dans tous les cas. Plusieurs critères ont été utilisés pour évaluer la précision des prévisions, y compris les statistiques d’erreur de projection, les comparaisons avec des prévisions “naïves”, les tests statistiques de biais et d’efficience, et les tests de validité directionnelle. En outre, l’article examine la performance des prévisions des Perspectives Économiques de l’OCDE sur différentes périodes de temps. Les résultats montrent que, basées sur des critères statistiques conventionnels, les prévisions pour l’année courante sont ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 274.

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    Date of creation: 19 Dec 2000
    Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:274-en
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