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Credit Market Frictions and the Reallocation Process

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  • Gadi Barlevy

Abstract

In a seminal paper, Davis and Haltiwanger (1990) demonstrate that recessions are associated with an increase in job reallocation, at least in the manufacturing sector. The conventional view has interpreted this as evidence of "cleansing" effects: less productive jobs are destroyed in recessions, and resources are reallocated towards more productive uses. Thus recessions serve to improve allocative efficiency. This paper shows that when credit market frictions are introduced, the result can be reversed. That is, the most efficient jobs are destroyed in recessions, resourses are reallocated towards less productive uses, and misallocation is exacerbated.

Suggested Citation

  • Gadi Barlevy, 1999. "Credit Market Frictions and the Reallocation Process," Discussion Papers 1251, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwu:cmsems:1251
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    1. Jean-Bernard Chatelain, 2003. "Structural Modelling of Financial Constraints on Investment: Where Do We Stand?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00112522, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit Market Imperfections; Job Reallocation; the Cleansing effect;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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