Geography of the World Economy
This paper presents a theoretical framework to study the effects of geographical factors on the distribution of industries in the world econmy, which consists of many regions. The geographical feature of each region is summarized by a proximity matrix, whose elements measure the closeness between every pair of regions, and depend on the parameters representing the transport and other costs of using a variety of trade routes. The main objective is to show how a change in these costs of trade affects the distribution of industries, by amplifying the geographical advantages and disadvantages held by different regions. The results are used not only to examine the effects of an improvement in transport infrastructure, but also to discuss some problems from economic history (mostly Japanese and European), regional economic integration, the nort-south division, and others.
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- Matsuyama, Kiminori, 1996.
"Why Are There Rich and Poor Countries? Symmetry-Breaking in the World Economy,"
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies,
Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 419-439, December.
- Kiminori Matsuyama, 1996. "Why Are There Rich and Poor Countries? Symmetry-Breaking in the World Economy," NBER Working Papers 5697, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Baldwin, Richard E. & Venables, Anthony J., 1995. "Regional economic integration," Handbook of International Economics, in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1597-1644 Elsevier.
- Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1990. "Why Doesn't Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 92-96, May.
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