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Predicting the Factor Content of Foreign Trade: Theory and Evidence

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  • Daniel Bernhofen

Abstract

This paper examines the multi-cone specification of the factor proportion theory of international trade. I show that Helpman's bilateral restrictions on the factor of content of trade, which have found recent empirical support by Choi and Krishna (2004), need to be amended to account for multilateralism. I identify additional restrictions and show that these restrictions form the building block for a multi-cone factor content prediction which generalizes Alan Deardorff's well-known chain of comparative advantage prediction to multiple countries and factors. Applying Choi and Krishna 's data set to this multi-lateral specification, I find little empirical support for the multi-cone prediction.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Bernhofen, "undated". "Predicting the Factor Content of Foreign Trade: Theory and Evidence," Discussion Papers 07/11, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  • Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:07/11
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    File URL: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/gep/documents/papers/2007/07-11.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yong-Seok Choi & Pravin Krishna, 2004. "The Factor Content of Bilateral Trade: An Empirical Test," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(4), pages 887-914, August.
    2. Debaere, Peter & Demiroglu, Ufuk, 2003. "On the similarity of country endowments," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 101-136, January.
    3. Deardorff, Alan V., 1979. "Weak links in the chain of comparative advantage," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 197-209, May.
    4. Helpman, Elhanan, 1984. "The Factor Content of Foreign Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(373), pages 84-94, March.
    5. Brecher, Richard A. & Choudhri, Ehsan U., 1982. "The factor content of international trade without factor-price equalization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3-4), pages 277-283, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Bernhofen, 2009. "Predicting the pattern of international trade in the neoclassical model: a synthesis," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 41(1), pages 5-21, October.

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