A Note on Optimal Fines When Wealth Varies Among Individuals
An important result in the economic theory of enforcement is that, under certain circumstances, it is optimal for a fine to be as high as possible - to equal the entire wealth of individuals. Such a fine allows the probability of detection to be as low as possible, thereby saving enforcement costs. This note shows that when the level of wealth varies among individuals, the optimal fine generally is less than the wealth of the highest wealth individuals, and may well be less than the wealth of most individuals.
|Date of creation:||Jan 1990|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as The American Economic Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 618-621, (June 1991).|
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- Louis Kaplow, 1989.
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NBER Working Papers
3008, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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NBER Working Papers
0932, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Polinsky, Mitchell & Shavell, Steven, 1979. "The Optimal Tradeoff between the Probability and Magnitude of Fines," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(5), pages 880-91, December.
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