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Économétrie, théorie des tests et philosophie des sciences

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  • DUFOUR, Jean-Marie

Abstract

Dans ce texte, nous revoyons certains développements récents de l’économétrie qui peuvent être intéressants pour des chercheurs dans des domaines autres que l’économie et nous soulignons l’éclairage particulier que l’économétrie peut jeter sur certains thèmes généraux de méthodologie et de philosophie des sciences, tels la falsifiabilité comme critère du caractère scientifique d’une théorie (Popper), la sous-détermination des théories par les données (Quine) et l’instrumentalisme. En particulier, nous soulignons le contraste entre deux styles de modélisation - l’approche parcimonieuse et l’approche statistico-descriptive - et nous discutons les liens entre la théorie des tests statistiques et la philosophie des sciences.

Suggested Citation

  • DUFOUR, Jean-Marie, 2000. "Économétrie, théorie des tests et philosophie des sciences," Cahiers de recherche 2000-14, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtl:montde:2000-14
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1866/338
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Steven Brams & D. Kilgour, 1998. "Backward Induction Is Not Robust: The Parity Problem and the Uncertainty Problem," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 263-289, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Marie Dufour, 2003. "Identification, weak instruments, and statistical inference in econometrics," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 36(4), pages 767-808, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    économétrie; statistique; théorie des tests; identification; ilosoie des sciences; falsifiabilité; sous-détermination; rcimonie; méthodes non-ramétriques; instrumentalisme; sitivisme; oblèmes mal sés; Poer; Duhem; Quine;

    JEL classification:

    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General

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