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Two Representatives But No Representation – An Analysis Of Two Cases From Estonia


  • Epp Kallaste
  • Krista Jaakson
  • Raul Eamets


he authors analyse why the institution of non-unionised employ-ees’ representatives (NER) is created if its functions overlap with those of the unions, including collective bargaining and information-consultation. We aim to find how NERs are created and what their role in comparison to unionised representatives is. The case study involves interviews with representatives and the managing director, as well as a survey of the employees in two companies. The results show that with a weak union, employers initiated the institution of NER in order to involve the whole workforce in the collective agreement. NER was elected by employees even though the institution was initiated by employer. The roles of the two representatives do not differ much, the main function for both being collective bargaining with minor provision for information and consultation.

Suggested Citation

  • Epp Kallaste & Krista Jaakson & Raul Eamets, 2007. "Two Representatives But No Representation – An Analysis Of Two Cases From Estonia," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 48, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
  • Handle: RePEc:mtk:febawb:48

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    Participation; industrial relations; trade unions; work councils;

    JEL classification:

    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • J83 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Workers' Rights
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management

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