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Le standard de qualité minimale est-il un instrument socialement optimal? Une revue de littérature

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  • Bonroy, Olivier

Abstract

La littérature économique s'accorde pour dire que les qualités offertes sur un marché en concurrence imparfaite ne sont pas socialement optimales. En revanche, il existe un désaccord imporotant sur les issues d'une réglementation prenant la forme d'un standard de qualité minimale (SQM). L'introduction d'un SQM peut avoir différents effets: des effets positifs, tels que l'accroissement de la qualité la plus basse ainsi que de la concurrence, mais également des effets négatifs comme la diminution de la qualité moyenne ou encore la sortie du marché de certaines firmes. L'effet d'un tel instrument sur le bien-être social apparaît alors ambigu. Afin de clarifier le rôle régulateur du SQM nous proposons une revue de littérature se focalisant sur la relation entre ses effets et les caractéristiques du marché.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonroy, Olivier, 2003. "Le standard de qualité minimale est-il un instrument socialement optimal? Une revue de littérature," Cahiers de recherche 0304, GREEN.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:lagrcr:0304
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    File URL: http://www.green.ecn.ulaval.ca/CahiersGREEN2003/03-04.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L12 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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