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Import, Export und Produktivität in niedersächsischen Unternehmen des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes

Listed author(s):
  • Alexander Vogel


    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

  • Joachim Wagner


    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Dieser Beitrag nutzt das neu im Forschungsdatenzentrum der Statistischen Ämter verfügbare Umsatzsteuerstatistik-Panel mit Daten aus den Jahren 2001 bis 2005 für eine erste Untersuchung der Import- und Exportaktivitäten niedersächsischer Industrieunternehmen im Vergleich zu Unternehmen aus dem übrigen Westdeutschland und aus Ostdeutschland. Er dokumentiert Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten bei der Beteiligung am internationalen Handel und analysiert die Zusammenhänge zwischen Produktivität, Importen und Exporten. Die Beteiligung der niedersächsischen Unternehmen am internationalen Handel ist geringer als im übrigen Westdeutschland, aber höher als in Ostdeutschland. In Niedersachsen wie im übrigen Westdeutschland und in Ostdeutschland gilt, dass im Vergleich zu Unternehmen, die keinen internationalen Handel betreiben, die Unternehmen den höchsten Produktivitätsvorsprung aufweisen, die sowohl exportieren als auch importieren. An zweiter Stelle kommen die Unternehmen, die nur exportieren; an dritter Stelle finden sich die Unternehmen, die ausschließlich importieren. Diese Produktivitätsunterschiede für die Unternehmen aus den verschiedenen Gruppen unterscheiden sich zwischen den Teilen Deutschlands nur geringfügig.

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Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 116.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:116
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1988. "Estimation of the Internal Adjustment Costs Model Using Longitudinal Establishment Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 421-430, August.
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, January.
  3. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
  4. Mark Doms & Eric J. Bartelsman, 2000. "Understanding Productivity: Lessons from Longitudinal Microdata," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(3), pages 569-594, September.
  5. Alexander Vogel & Joachim Wagner, 2016. "Higher Productivity in Importing German Manufacturing Firms: Self-selection, Learning from Importing or Both?," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Microeconometrics of International Trade, chapter 4, pages 139-174 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
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