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Global Knowledge Embeddedness


  • Holger Graf

    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics)

  • Martin Kalthaus

    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics)


Various forms of interaction during the process of research and innovation constitute a global network of knowledge generation and diffusion. Countries and their research organizations and individual scientists need to be embedded in this network to participate in global knowledge flows and to increase success in idea generation, invention and innovation. In this chapter, we review the literature on two of the most important channels of international knowledge diffusion in the field of science: research collaboration and scientist mobility. We thereby focus on the motives and determinants to collaborate or move internationally, the formation of a global knowledge network and the effects of embeddedness in the network and its influence on aggregate outcomes. From this review, we derive seven stylized facts on global knowledge embeddedness.

Suggested Citation

  • Holger Graf & Martin Kalthaus, 2022. "Global Knowledge Embeddedness," Jena Economics Research Papers 2022-004, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2022-004

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    scientist mobility; research collaboration; global knowledge network; literature review;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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