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Myanmar Sugar SMEs: History, Technology, Location and Government Policy

Author

Listed:
  • San, Thein
  • Kudo, Toshihiro

Abstract

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) engaged in sugar processing in Myanmar appeared in the last decade of the socialist era. An acute sugar deficit, restricted trade in white sugar, and high demand from the conventional dairy business led to the growth of sugar SMEs by appropriate blending of semi-finished products (syrup) in the fields, which were then processed in vacuum pans and centrifugals to obtain white sugar. This became a tradable commodity and sugar SMEs grew in clusters in big cities. They are family-owned businesses. However, they lack the bagasse-based power generation.In recent years, large modern sugar factories operated by private and military companies have emerged as key players. The current shortage of fuel feedstock and competition for raw materials have become driving forces that shift sugar SMEs from market-oriented to raw material-oriented locations. Internal competition among key players made sugar price highly volatile, too. Being placed on a level playing field, the whole industry should be upgraded in terms of price and quality to become export-oriented.

Suggested Citation

  • San, Thein & Kudo, Toshihiro, 2008. "Myanmar Sugar SMEs: History, Technology, Location and Government Policy," IDE Discussion Papers 147, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper147
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    File URL: https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=38020&item_no=1&attribute_id=22&file_no=1
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kudo, Toshihiro, 2005. "Stunted and Distorted Industrialization in Myanmar," IDE Discussion Papers 38, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Myanmar (Burma); Small and medium enterprise (SME); State-owned economic enterprise (SEE); Sugar; Sugarcane; Resource-based location; Market economy; Mandalay; Pyawbwe; ミャンマー (ビルマ); 中小企業; 国有企業; 砂糖; サトウキビ; 原料産地立地; 市場経済; マンダレー; ピョーブウェー;

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
    • N85 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - Asia including Middle East

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