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The State of University Policy for Progress in Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Hoareau, Cécile

    () (Maastricht University)

  • Ritzen, Jo

    () (IZA and Maastricht University)

  • Marconi, Gabriele

    () (Maastricht University)

Abstract

Higher education contributes to economic innovation. This study measures and compares the extent to which national governments’ policies foster this contribution across Europe. The study stresses the relevance of policies which are ‘empowering’ for higher education institutions, or in other words provide them with appropriate resources and regulatory environments. The assessment relies on quantitative scores, based on the contribution of policies regarding funding and autonomy to higher education performance in education, research and economic innovation, using non-arbitrary weights and eighteen policy indicators across 32 European countries. A large number of countries belong to a ‘middle group’ in our overall assessment, indicating a relative cohesion in Europe. Yet, substantial variations exist in terms of higher education policy in Europe, each European country having room for policy improvement.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoareau, Cécile & Ritzen, Jo & Marconi, Gabriele, 2012. "The State of University Policy for Progress in Europe," IZA Policy Papers 51, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izapps:pp51
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    Cited by:

    1. Jo Ritzen & Cecile Hoareau, 2013. "Equal Opportunity and Life-long Learning: The Future of Higher Education in Germany is Only Secure with Major Policy Changes," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(2), pages 28-34, 07.
    2. Cecile Hoareau & Jo Ritzen & Gabriele Marconi, 2013. "Higher education and economic innovation, a comparison of European countries," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-24, December.
    3. repec:ces:ifodic:v:11:y:2013:i:2:p:19092425 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jo Ritzen & Klaus Zimmermann, 2014. "A vibrant European labor market with full employment," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-24, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    higher education; research; innovation; Europe; public policy; institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • L38 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Policy
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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