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Spate irrigation and poverty in Ethiopia

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  • Hagos, Fitsum
  • Erkossa, Teklu
  • Lefore, Nicole
  • Langan, Simon

Abstract

The study examined whether the use of spate irrigation in drought-prone areas of Ethiopia reduced poverty. Each of about 25 users of indigenous and modern spate irrigation schemes and an equal number of corresponding nonusers from the same peasant associations in Oromia and Tigray regional states were interviewed. The survey found that the poverty level of the spate irrigation users was significantly lower than that of the nonusers in terms incidence, depth and severity. Access to improved spate irrigation has led to reduced poverty, measured by all poverty indices, compared to traditional spate. Finally, the dominance test showed that the poverty comparison between users and nonusers was robust. From the study, it can be concluded that the use of spate irrigation in areas where access to other alternative water sources is limited, either by physical availability or by economic constraints, can significantly contribute to poverty reduction, and that modernizing the spate system strengthens the impact.

Suggested Citation

  • Hagos, Fitsum & Erkossa, Teklu & Lefore, Nicole & Langan, Simon, 2014. "Spate irrigation and poverty in Ethiopia," Conference Papers h046926, International Water Management Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:iwt:conppr:h046926
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hanjra, Munir A. & Ferede, Tadele & Gutta, Debel Gemechu, 2009. "Reducing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa through investments in water and other priorities," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(7), pages 1062-1070, July.
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    4. Erkossa, Teklu & Langan, Simon J. & Hagos, Fitsum, 2014. "Constraints to the development, operation and maintenance of spate irrigation schemes in Ethiopia," Conference Papers h046925, International Water Management Institute.
    5. Abdelkrim Araar & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2006. "DAD: a Software for Poverty and Distributive Analysis," Working Papers PMMA 2006-10, PEP-PMMA.
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    8. Frank Steenbergen & Abraham Haile & Taye Alemehayu & Tena Alamirew & Yohannes Geleta, 2011. "Status and Potential of Spate Irrigation in Ethiopia," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 25(7), pages 1899-1913, May.
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    1. Castelli, Giulio & Bresci, Elena & Castelli, Fabio & Hagos, Eyasu Yazew & Mehari, Abraham, 2018. "A participatory design approach for modernization of spate irrigation systems," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 210(C), pages 286-295.

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