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The role of extensive and intensive margins in explaining corporate R&D growth: Evidence from Spain

  • Juan Antonio Máñez Castillejo


    (Universitat de València)

  • Dolores Añón Higón


    (Dpto. Estructura Económica)

  • Juan Alberto Sanchis Llopis


    (Dpto. Estructura Económica)

We analyse the growth of corporate R&D in the Spanish manufacturing sector through its decomposition into the extensive and intensive margins. These margins are decomposed into three distinct components: starting new R&D activities; R&D activities that survive or persist; and deepening existing R&D efforts. The data used is a panel of Spanish manufacturing firms drawn from the Encuesta sobre Estrategias Empresariales, for the period 1990-2006. We show that despite having experienced a substantial increase in R&D, the relative importance of each component differs for small and largefirms. We find that small firms would have had a significant higher R&D growth should they be able to improve their performance with respect to the survival component of the intensive margin. For large firms, deepening appears to be the most important component explaining R&D in the long run. Este trabajo estudia el crecimiento del gasto privado en I+D de las empresas manufactureras españolas a través de su descomposición en dos componentes: el margen extensivo y el margen intensivo. Estos márgenes se descomponen en 3 sub-componentes: iniciarse en la realización de nuevas actividades de I+D; supervivencia o persistencia en la realización de actividades de I+D; e, intensificación de las actividades de I+D ya existentes. Los datos que utilizamos en este trabajo han sido extraídos de laEncuesta sobre Estrategias Empresariales, para el periodo 1990-2006. Nuestros resultados indican que a pesar de que las empresas manufactureras españolas han experimentado un importante aumento en el gasto en I+D, la importancia relativa de cada componente es distinta para las empresas pequeñas respecto de las empresas grandes. Así, las empresas pequeñas hubieran experimentado un mayor aumento en el crecimiento del gasto en I+D si hubieran sido capaces de mejorar el componente depersistencia en la realización de actividades de I+D, dentro del margen intensivo. Para las empresas grandes, la intensificación en la realización de actividades de I+D constituye el principal componente a la hora de explicar la evolución de largo plazo del gasto en I+D.

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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2011-05.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2011-05
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  1. Mohnen, Pierre & Schim van der Loeff, S. & Palm, Franz & Raymond, Wladimir, 2006. "Persistence of Innovation in Dutch Manufacturing: Is it Spurious?," MERIT Working Papers 011, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  2. Besedes, Tibor & Prusa, Thomas J., 2011. "The role of extensive and intensive margins and export growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 371-379, November.
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  7. Blundell, Richard & Griffith, Rachel & Van Reenen, John, 1995. "Dynamic Count Data Models of Technological Innovation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(429), pages 333-44, March.
  8. Emmanuel Duguet & Stéphanie Monjon, 2004. "Is innovation persistent at the firm Level . An econometric examination comparing the propensity score and regression methods," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques v04075, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  9. Geroski, P. A. & Van Reenen, J. & Walters, C. F., 1997. "How persistently do firms innovate?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 33-48, March.
  10. Elhanan Helpman & Marc Melitz & Yona Rubinstein, 2007. "Estimating Trade Flows: Trading Partners and Trading Volumes," NBER Working Papers 12927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Juan A. M��Ez & Mar�A E. Rochina-Barrachina & Amparo Sanchis & Juan A. Sanchis, 2009. "THE ROLE OF SUNK COSTS IN THE DECISION TO INVEST IN R&D -super-* ," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(4), pages 712-735, December.
  12. Brenton, Paul & Newfarmer, Richard, 2007. "Watching more than the Discovery channel : export cycles and diversification in development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4302, The World Bank.
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