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The market integration process under different regulatory regimes: evidence from the European car sector

Listed author(s):
  • Jacint Balaguer Coll


    (Universitat Jaume I)

In this paper we investigate the European car market integration process by analyzing the evolution of cross-country differences in the degree of Pricing-to-Market. The study takes into account the pricing behavior of United Kingdom exporters from 1999m1 to 2009m1. Our preliminary results indicate that international price discrimination is a source of price dispersion within the euro area, and this implies the presence of market segmentation and significant divergences in the market structures perceived by exporter firms. Nevertheless, a dynamic analysis shows that differences in cross-country Pricing-to-Market are significantly unstable and support variations in market structures perceived by exporters. When we include data generated since the Block Exemption Regulation (1400/2002) came fully into force, results support convergence in cross-country pricing behavior. This outcome clearly contrasts with the evidence obtained for some control products and the previous period. These findings are consistent with the fact that the corresponding liberalization of the car distribution system has played an important role in progressing toward market integration. En este trabajo investigamos el proceso de integración del mercado europeo de automóviles analizando la evolución en las divergencias del "Pricing-to-Market" a través de distintos países de destino de las exportaciones. El estudio toma en consideración el comportamiento de precios de los exportares de Reino Unido durante el período 1999m1-2009m1. Los resultados preliminares indican la presencia de discriminación internacional de precios como fuente de dispersión de precios en el área euro, lo que implica la presencia de segmentación de mercados y divergencias significativas en las estructuras de mercado percibidas por las empresas exportadoras. No obstante, el análisis dinámico muestra que las divergencias en el "Pricing-to-Market" son inestables lo que implica variaciones relativas en las estructuras de mercado percibidas por los exportadores. Cuando en el análisis incluimos información estadística a partir de la implantación completa de las Exenciones en Bloque (1400/2002), obtenemos convergencia en el comportamiento de precios a través de los países. Este resultado contrasta claramente con la evidencia obtenida a partir de algunos productos de control y el período anterior. Los resultados son consistentes con que la liberalización del sistema de distribución haya jugado un papel relevante en el proceso de integración del mercado.

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File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2009
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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2009-16.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2009-16
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  1. Gil-Pareja, Salvador, 2003. "Pricing to market behaviour in European car markets," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 945-962, December.
  2. Francisco Requena & Guadalupe Serrano & Joan Martín Montaner, 2009. "The effects of immigration on the productive structure of Spanish regions," Working Papers. Serie EC 2009-01, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  3. Pilar Beneito López & Amparo Sanchis Llopis & María Engracia Rochina Barrachina, 2009. "The role of learning in innovation: in-house versus externally contracted R&D experience," Working Papers. Serie EC 2009-11, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
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