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Second-order moments of frequency asymmetric cycles

Author

Listed:
  • Miguel Artiach

    () (Dpto. Fundamentos del Análisis Económico)

Abstract

Second-order moments, as even functions in time, are conventionally regarded as containing no information about the time irreversible nature of a sequence and therefore about its frequency asymmetry. However, this paper shows that the frequency asymmetry produces a clearly distinct behaviour in second-order moments that can be observed in both the time domain and the frequency domain. In addition, a frequency domain method of estimation of the differing lengths of the recessionary and expansionary stages of a cycle is proposed and its finite sample performance evaluated. Finally, the asymmetric patterns in the waves of the US unemployment rate and in the sunspot index are analysed.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Artiach, 2011. "Second-order moments of frequency asymmetric cycles," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-27, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasad:2011-27
    as

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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasad/wpasad-2011-27.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2011
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rothman Philip A, 2008. "Reconsideration of the Markov Chain Evidence on Unemployment Rate Asymmetry," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 12(3), pages 1-18, September.
    2. Hinich , Melvin J. & Rothman, Philip, 1998. "Frequency-Domain Test Of Time Reversibility," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(01), pages 72-88, March.
    3. A. M. Walker, 2003. "A note on estimation by least squares for harmonic component models," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(5), pages 613-629, September.
    4. Terasvirta, T & Anderson, H M, 1992. "Characterizing Nonlinearities in Business Cycles Using Smooth Transition Autoregressive Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(S), pages 119-136, Suppl. De.
    5. Ramsey, James B & Rothman, Philip, 1996. "Time Irreversibility and Business Cycle Asymmetry," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 28(1), pages 1-21, February.
    6. Falk, Barry, 1986. "Further Evidence on the Asymmetric Behavior of Economic Time Series over the Business Cycle," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1096-1109, October.
    7. Neftci, Salih N, 1984. "Are Economic Time Series Asymmetric over the Business Cycle?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(2), pages 307-328, April.
    8. Philip Rothman, 1998. "Forecasting Asymmetric Unemployment Rates," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(1), pages 164-168, February.
    9. Agustín Maravall & Ana del Río, 2001. "Time Aggregation and the Hodrick-Prescott Filter," Working Papers 0108, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    10. Amado Peiro, 2004. "Are business cycles asymmetric? Some European evidence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 335-342.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    frequency asymmetry; time irreversibility; periodogram; correlogram; business cycle;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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